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Electromagnetic Mind - Other supporting
Fields are involved in the synchronous firing of neurons and other facts to add

Pablo Andueza Munduate

Following the steps initialized in the section dedicated to propose and describe how mind is constructed from a variety of electromagnetic (EM) fields [1], here there are addressed some more facts and theories from where they can be extracted points that a complete EM based theory of mind surely should include. ...

Firstly it can be take in consideration, in support for the arguments and the theory displayed in [1], an important logical reason described in [2]:

" Locating consciousness in the brain's EM field, rather than neurons, has the advantage of neatly accounting for how information located in millions of neurons scattered through the brain can be unified into a single conscious experience (sometimes called the binding or combination problem: the information is unified in the EM field. In this way, EM field consciousness can be considered to be "joined-up information". This theory accounts for several otherwise puzzling facts, such as the finding that attention and awareness tend to be correlated with synchronous firing of individual neurons. When neurons fire together, their EM fields generate stronger EM field disturbances; so synchronous neuron firing will tend to have a large impact on the brain's EM field (and, thereby, consciousness) than the firing of individual neurons."

In this sense one important aspect that comprises various subsections is to show how the synchronous neuronal firing, which generates informative EM fields, have a strong correlation for attention, awareness and consciousness [3], how this synchronous firing generate cross-frequency interactions and couplings also related to mind function [4] and how endogenous brain EM fields are able to influence neuron firings in return [5].

At sensory level it appears that various frequency modalities are necessary to perceive sensory inputs of any kind, in [6] it can be read:

" Studies suggests a causal role of theta and gamma oscillations in auditory cortices for auditory processing and alpha and gamma oscillations in parieto-occipital regions for visual perception. In addition, the sensory gating by alpha oscillations applies not only to the visual but also to the somatosensory domain."

This is also related with attentional states that can focus on particular perception to manage it in the most efficient way (although in reality attention is not necessary to perceive any particular perturbation, as the so called "subconscious" perception is always working) and attention is also related to the usage of specific frequencies in the brain.

In this sense [7] speaks about the inherently rhythmic nature of attention and the influence of entrainment and resonance on this by presenting recent findings that reveal top-down guided behavior by theta band (3-8 Hz) frequencies organizing the functional attention networks, meanwhile in [8] an initially surprising finding that that alpha synchrony plays an inverted causal role in modulating attention and visual processing is presented where decreases in alpha synchronization are correlated with enhanced attention, and inversely, alpha synchronization increases are correlated with inattention is found, but this is not surprising if is viewed through the prism of that alpha rhythms are rhythms that connect us with the world [9] and are the typical frequencies of meditative states [10] and initial sleep stages, that is when our 'ego' diluted in a more extended consciousness, so attention as part of a more concrete mind is also diluted.

Apart from this purposes Alpha rhythms are also fundamental and one of the aging symptoms is the reduction in its power [11]:

" Resting-state EEG is dominated by sustained alpha oscillations, and low-frequency activities (short theta bursts and non-oscillatory 1/f slope). Resting alpha power decreases with age and correlates with intelligence. We propose that alpha facilitates proactive control (requiring task-set maintenance in preparation for expected conditions), whereas theta bursts relate to reactive control, requiring task-set updating in response to unexpected demands."

Georgiou et al. [12] show that a growing body of evidence suggests that oscillatory synchrony plays a crucial role in the selective communication of neuronal populations that encode the attended stimuli. Attention itself isn’t a continuously active spotlight as it was thought until now and is also based on rhythmic neuronal oscillations [13].

Memory consolidation is also dependent on different brainwaves, for example Watrous et al. [14] advances the idea that oscillations provide a reference frame for phase-coded item representations during memory encoding and that shifts in oscillatory frequency and phase coordinate ensemble activity during memory retrieval.

Findings in [15] demonstrate that alpha-band activity is directly related to the coding of spatial representations held in working memory and in [16] it's show that intrahemispheric theta rhythm desynchronization impairs working memory.

Much other concepts (in reality there is believed that all concepts related to mind) like language production [17] or abstract reasoning [18] are dependent on different frequencies on the brain. Furthermore as mentioned, all those synchrony patterns are themselves coordinated in a cross-frequency coupling way. Returning to the interesting article [10] that speaks about meditative states it can be read:

" Neural activity is known to oscillate within discrete frequency bands and the synchronization between these rhythms is hypothesized to underlie information integration in the brain. Since strict synchronization is only possible for harmonic frequencies, a recent theory proposes that the interaction between different brain rhythms is facilitated by transient harmonic frequency arrangements. In this line, it has been recently shown that the transient occurrence of 2:1 harmonic cross-frequency relationships between alpha and theta rhythms (i.e. falpha≈12 Hz; ftheta≈6 Hz) is enhanced during effortful cognition. In this study, we tested whether achieving a state of ‘mental emptiness’ during meditation is accompanied by a relative decrease in the occurrence of 2:1 harmonic cross-frequency relationships between alpha and theta rhythms. Continuous EEG recordings (19 electrodes) were obtained from 43 highly experienced meditators during meditation practice, rest and an arithmetic task. We show that the occurrence of transient alpha:theta 2:1 harmonic relationships increased linearly from a meditative to an active cognitive processing state (i.e. meditation< rest< arithmetic task). It is argued that transient EEG cross-frequency arrangements that prevent alpha:theta cross-frequency coupling could facilitate the experience of ‘mental emptiness’ by avoiding the interaction between the memory and executive components of cognition."

Or in [19] continuing with those general mental physiologic states it can be read:

" In this study, we address the fundamental question of how different brain rhythms continuously interact and collectively behave as a network to facilitate distinct physiologic states and integrated physiologic functions. We analyze temporal patterns in the amplitude of brain waves activation, and probe for coordination and synchronous modulation in dominant and nondominant brain rhythms. We demonstrate the presence of robust coupling profiles representing dynamical network interactions among brain rhythms. We discover an entire ensemble (“alphabet”) of key profiles of brain-wave interactions, which are universally observed for different brain areas and across subjects. Moreover, we find that these interaction profiles and the related networks change with transition from one physiologic state to another, and thus, are a unique signature of physiologic state and function."

Apart from general mental states concrete functions are also enabled/facilitated by cross frequency couplings, with a plethora of studies that can complement the studies mentioned upward in this text and that treat brain frequencies independently, for example in relation to memory Mizuhara et al. [20] show that:

" The slow EEG power was enhanced in association with the better accuracy of working memory retention, and accompanied cortical activities in the mnemonic circuits for the natural scene. Fast oscillation showed a phase-amplitude coupling to the slow oscillation, and its power was tightly coupled with the cortical activities for representing the visual images of natural scenes."

Or in relation to attention Bonnefond and Jensen [21] show that in visual tasks during the anticipatory pre-distractor period the phase of alpha oscillations was coupled with the power of high (80-120Hz) gamma band activity suggesting a mechanism of gating controlled by the gamma activity in relation to the phase of the alpha activity in the visual system. And Voloh et al. [22] show that exists a

" ... robust increases of 5–10 Hz (theta) to 35–55 Hz (gamma) phase–amplitude correlation between Anterior cingulate and lateral prefrontal cortex during successful attention shifts but not before errors."

Finally in [23] authors demonstrate that changes in synchrony and phase difference can be used to set up or abolish information transfer in a network of cortical circuits.

Need to be mentioned that endogenously generated fields are not just an "epiphenomenon" but they play a fundamental role in neuronal processes. Electromagnetic fields from brain cells feed back to the field generating cells and to other cells (ephaptic coupling) and for example, modulate the spiking timing of them, so EM consciousness is not a "ghost in the machine". Anastassiou et al. [24] wrote:

" The electrochemical processes that underlie neural function manifest themselves in ceaseless spatiotemporal field fluctuations. However, extracellular fields feed back onto the electric potential across the neuronal membrane via ephaptic coupling, independent of synapses. The extent to which such ephaptic coupling alters the functioning of neurons under physiological conditions remains unclear. To address this question, we stimulated and recorded from rat cortical pyramidal neurons in slices with a 12-electrode setup. We found that extracellular fields induced ephaptically mediated changes in the somatic membrane potential that were less than 0.5 mV under subthreshold conditions. Despite their small size, these fields could strongly entrain action potentials, particularly for slow (< 8 Hz) fluctuations of the extracellular field. Finally, we simultaneously measured from up to four patched neurons located proximally to each other. Our findings indicate that endogenous brain activity can causally affect neural function through field effects under physiological conditions."

Various experiments demonstrate that ephaptic coupling is not only working but that is so fundamental that neuronal communication is possible in this way even blocking the other forms of know communication (chemical and electrical) in [25] experiencing, on the ones side, by blocking endogenous electric field propagation they show that ephaptic coupling is a necessary mechanism for propagation of spontaneous activity, and on the other side they prove that endogenous electric field induced activity can propagate through a complete physical cut of the tissue, showing that electric fields alone are sufficient to mediate non-synaptic propagation.

In [26] there is also an experimental research that by blocking synaptic transmission pharmacologically do not impede the entrainment of neurons exposed to ELF fields, specially of lowest frequencies (1–4 Hz), this indicates that the electric fields with physiologically feasible frequencies and intensities can entrain activities of the dendrites, independent of synaptic transmission, in a frequency-dependent manner.

Various models are presented in relation to this, in a model developed in [27] it is explained that the field picture is a generalization of the presently prevalent current mediated picture for interaction between axons. Another model [28] founds that electromagnetic induction is helpful for discharge of neurons under positive feedback coupling, while electromagnetic induction is necessary to enhance synchronization behaviors of coupled neurons under negative feedback coupling. Numerical results from Deng et al. [29] elucidate that endogenous field feedback cause a more rhythmic macroscopic activation of the network.

In [30] it can be read:

" It is found that field coupling between neurons can change the magnetic flux and induction current, and then the excitability of neurons are changed to modulate the collective behaviors of electrical activities in neuronal network."

In [31] also it's found that a magnetic flux coupling between neurons can induce a perfect phase synchronization between them.

On the other hand, in this section, there are also enlisted a variety of papers that addressed various interesting points that can be added to an electromagnetic mind theory, for example in [32] author proposes that for computational purposes biological systems not only use neural networks at their mesoscopical scale, being a neuron the minimum computational unit, but that the computational capacities are replicated also inside each neuron, taking in consideration at a lower level microtubules and at ever lower level proteins, in concrete, he interestingly explain how:

" All molecules thermally vibrate at particular frequencies and emit two types of noise—high frequency ‘‘white’’ noise by small molecules (such as water and metal ions) and medium frequency ‘‘colored’’ noise by large molecules (such as proteins; Al-Khalili and McFadden, 2014). The bends and twists of the peptide chain of proteins are flexible and cause the chain to emit signals composed of colored noise, but only at specific frequencies. The frequency is determined by the aminoacid sequence and the conformation and movements of the protein molecule. Thus each protein will have a signature dynamic pattern of colored noise in the form of a number of peaks in its noise emission spectrum, in which the number, size and frequency of the peaks will vary. Thus, changing these conditions in one protein in a heteroreceptor complex by some stimulus will lead immediately to a change in the conformation and noise emission spectra of all the proteins in the complex."

Although he mentions that those “thermal” vibrations in proteins are now know to be strongly coupled collective vibrations, as can be see in this subsection of the web [33] he don’t underline a biophysical consequence of the bipolar electric characteristic of proteins that, if they vibrate, can generate electromagnetic fields. Furthermore in recent investigations [34] notable general electrical properties for proteins has been observed, which underline this last possibility.

More elements participating in the electromagnetic mind can be: a mutual electromagnetic induction in the axon-glial sheath association propesed by Goodman and Bercovich [35], a QED induced radiation in EM signaling across the cleft between presynaptic and postsynaptic cells proposed by Prevenslik [36] and that is shown to offer a reasonable alternative to chemical signaling conceptual problems (that are described in the paper). Or, as a last example, the proposition of Swain [37] of large up-conversions and mode coupling between Fröhlich states (described in [38]) and biophotons (described and associated to neuronal function in the section [39] of this website).

Deserves a separate mention the other two subsections that are attached to this section, that although they don’t speak about electromagnetic fields as a conscious fields are, the first one, a big support for this notion as it peaks about the unicellular intelligence and consciousness [40] (with the amazing capacities of these living systems) that hopefully can cause a paradigm shift in those people that think that consciousness is only a brain derived phenomena that requires it's physical structures and chemical synapses.

The second subsection [41] delves into a philosophical issue: if consciousness is electromagnetic in nature then mentality is a fundamental and ubiquitous feature of the universe, this is the basis for a Panpsychistic philosophy, that is described and argued in its favor in this subsection's papers, but, only to mention, here is a descriptive extract [42] speaking about the advantages of taking this philosophy in conjunction with the EM mind theory:

" Thus we have two different types of theory on offer, panpsychism and an electromagnetic field theory of consciousness, each of which has interesting potential, but each of which also has a major problem. The problems are quite different and yet fortuitously complementary. ... The combination problem doesn't affect a field theory because a field is a unity, not an aggregate, and the hard problem doesn't apply to panpsychism because panpsychism axiomatically assumes consciousness to be a fundamental constituent of the universe's ontology, not something that evolved from non-conscious reality."


1. Endogenous Fields & Mind › Endogenous Electromagnetic Fields › EM Mind - Principal

2. Crumpei, G., Gavrilut, A., Agop, M., & Crumpeitanasa, I. (2017). Physical-mathematical models for new paradigms in neuroscience. Part II–An electromagnetic theory of the brain. Bulletin of Integrative Psychiatry O New Series O March 2o17 O Year XXIII O No, 1, 72.

3. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Endogenous Electromagnetic Fields › EM Mind - Other supporting › Brain Frequencies Various Phase Synchrony

4. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Endogenous Electromagnetic Fields › EM Mind - Other supporting › Brain Frequencies Cross-Frequency

5. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Endogenous Electromagnetic Fields › EM Mind - Other supporting › Ephaptic coupling

6. Cabral-Calderin, Y., & Wilke, M. (2020). Probing the link between perception and oscillations: lessons from transcranial alternating current stimulation. The Neuroscientist, 26(1), 57-73.

7. Helfrich, R. F., Breska, A., & Knight, R. T. (2019). Neural entrainment and network resonance in support of top-down guided attention. Current Opinion in Psychology, 29, 82-89.

8. Bagherzadeh, Y., Baldauf, D., Pantazis, D., & Desimone, R. (2020). Alpha synchrony and the neurofeedback control of spatial attention. Neuron, 105(3), 577-587.

9. EMMIND › Earth Fields - Gaia › Global Consciousness › The Electromagnetism Active Role (Schumann & Geomag.)

10. Rodriguez-Larios, J., Faber, P., Achermann, P., Tei, S., & Alaerts, K. (2020). From thoughtless awareness to effortful cognition: alpha-theta cross-frequency dynamics in experienced meditators during meditation, rest and arithmetic. Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1-11.

11. Clements, G. M., Bowie, D. C., Low, K. A., Fabiani, M., & Gratton, G. (2020). Spontaneous alpha oscillations and low-frequency activities are related to complementary aspects of cognitive control in younger and older adults. bioRxiv.

12. Gregoriou, G. G., Paneri, S., & Sapountzis, P. (2015). Oscillatory synchrony as a mechanism of attentional processing. Brain research, 1626, 165-182.

13. Helfrich, R. F., Fiebelkorn, I. C., Szczepanski, S. M., Lin, J. J., Parvizi, J., Knight, R. T., & Kastner, S. (2018). Neural mechanisms of sustained attention are rhythmic. Neuron, 99(4), 854-865.

14. Watrous, A. J., Fell, J., Ekstrom, A. D., & Axmacher, N. (2015). More than spikes: common oscillatory mechanisms for content specific neural representations during perception and memory. Current opinion in neurobiology, 31, 33-39.

15. Foster, J. J., Sutterer, D. W., Serences, J. T., Vogel, E. K., & Awh, E. (2016). The topography of alpha-band activity tracks the content of spatial working memory. Journal of neurophysiology, 115(1), 168-177.

16. Alekseichuk, I., Pabel, S. C., Antal, A., & Paulus, W. (2017). Intrahemispheric theta rhythm desynchronization impairs working memory. Restorative neurology and neuroscience, 35(2), 147-158.

17. Piai, V., & Zheng, X. (2019). Speaking waves: Neuronal oscillations in language production. In Psychology of learning and motivation (Vol. 71, pp. 265-302). Academic Press.

18. Taylor, B. K., Embury, C. M., Heinrichs-Graham, E., Frenzel, M. R., Eastman, J. A., Wiesman, A. I., ... & Wilson, T. W. (2020). Neural oscillatory dynamics serving abstract reasoning reveal robust sex differences in typically-developing children and adolescents. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 42, 100770.

19. Lin, A., Liu, K. K., Bartsch, R. P., & Ivanov, P. C. (2020). Dynamic network interactions among distinct brain rhythms as a hallmark of physiologic state and function. Communications Biology, 3(1), 1-11.

20. Mizuhara, H., Sato, N., & Yamaguchi, Y. (2015). Cortical networks dynamically emerge with the interplay of slow and fast oscillations for memory of a natural scene. Neuroimage, 111, 76-84.

21. Bonnefond, M., & Jensen, O. (2015). Gamma activity coupled to alpha phase as a mechanism for top-down controlled gating. PloS one, 10(6), e0128667.

22. Voloh, B., Valiante, T. A., Everling, S., & Womelsdorf, T. (2015). Theta–gamma coordination between anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortex indexes correct attention shifts. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 112(27), 8457-8462.

23. ter Wal, M., & Tiesinga, P. H. (2017). Phase difference between model cortical areas determines level of information transfer. Frontiers in computational neuroscience, 11, 6.

24. Anastassiou, C. A., Perin, R., Markram, H., & Koch, C. (2011). Ephaptic coupling of cortical neurons. Nature neuroscience, 14(2), 217.

25. Shivacharan, R. S., Chiang, C. C., & Durand, D. M. (2019). Abstract# 110: Ephaptic coupling, a mechanism for spontaneous neural propagation in the brain. Brain Stimulation: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation, 12(2), e38.

26. Kato, I., Innami, K., Sakuma, K., Miyakawa, H., Inoue, M., & Aonishi, T. (2019). Frequency-dependent entrainment of spontaneous Ca transients in the dendritic tufts of CA1 pyramidal cells in rat hippocampal slice preparations by weak AC electric field. Brain research bulletin, 153, 202-213.

27. Chawla, A. (2017). On Axon-Axon Interaction via Currents and Fields (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida).

28. Ren, G., Xu, Y., & Wang, C. (2017). Synchronization behavior of coupled neuron circuits composed of memristors. Nonlinear Dynamics, 88(2), 893-901.

29. Deng, B., Wang, L., Wang, J., & Yu, H. T. (2014). Endogenous fields enhanced stochastic resonance in a randomly coupled neuronal network. Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, 68, 30-39.

30. Xu, Y., Jia, Y., Ma, J., Hayat, T., & Alsaedi, A. (2018). Collective responses in electrical activities of neurons under field coupling. Scientific reports, 8(1), 1-10.

31. Ma, J., Mi, L., Zhou, P., Xu, Y., & Hayat, T. (2017). Phase synchronization between two neurons induced by coupling of electromagnetic field. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 307, 321-328.

32. Smythies, J. (2015). On the possible role of protein vibrations in information processing in the brain: three Russian dolls. Frontiers in molecular neuroscience, 8, 38.

33. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Endogenous Electromagnetic Fields › EM Various › Biomolecular interaction, recognition and binding mediated by electromagnetic field

34. Lindsay, S. (2020). Ubiquitous Electron Transport in Non-Electron Transfer Proteins. Life, 10(5), 72.

35. Goodman, G., & Bercovich, D. (2013). Electromagnetic induction between axons and their schwann cell myelin-protein sheaths. Journal of Integrative Neuroscience, 12(04), 475-489.

36. Prevenslik, T. Synapse by QED Induced Radiation.

37. Swain, J. (2006). On the possibility of large upconversions and mode coupling between frohlich states and visible photons in biological systems. arXiv preprint physics/0603137.

38. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Endogenous Electromagnetic Fields › EM & Fröhlich Modes

39. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Biophotons › Biophotons in Neurons and Brain

40. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Endogenous Electromagnetic Fields › EM Mind - Other supporting › Plants and Unicellular consciousness (single neuron, bacterias, ...)

41. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Endogenous Electromagnetic Fields › EM Mind - Other supporting › A Phylosophy for the Electromagnetic Mind Theory: Panpsychism

42. Howard, B. D. (2020) Origin of the Conscious Mind.

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text updated: 28/07/2020
tables updated: 10/02/2024

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Favailable in PDF and HTMLCoupled oscillations enable rapid temporal recalibration to audiovisual asynchronyCommentary icon2021-(12)Therese Lennert, Soheila Samiee, Sylvain Baillet
Aavailable in HTMLHippocampal beta oscillations predict mouse object-location associative memory performanceNo comments yet icon2021-(1)Satoshi Iwasaki, Takuya Sasaki, Yuji Ikegaya
Favailable in PDFPrefrontal lesions disrupt oscillatory signatures of spatiotemporal integration in working memoryNo comments yet icon2021-(50)Mohsen Parto Dezfouli, Saeideh Davoudi, Robert T. Knight, Mohammad Reza Daliri, Elizabeth L. Johnson
Favailable in PDF and HTMLLong-range phase synchronization of high-frequency oscillations in human cortexCommentary icon2020-(15)G. Arnulfo, S. H. Wang, V. Myrov, B. Toselli, J. Hirvonen, M. M. Fato, L. Nobili, F. Cardinale, A. Rubino, A. Zhigalov, S. Palva, J. M. Palva
Favailable in PDF and HTMLSynchronisation of Neural Oscillations and Cross-modal InfluencesCommentary icon2020-(15)Anna-Katharina R. Bauer, Stefan Debener, Anna C. Nobre
Favailable in PDFSpontaneous alpha oscillations and low-frequency activities are related to complementary aspects of cognitive control in younger and older adultsCommentary icon2020-(39)Grace M. Clements, Daniel C. Bowie, Kathy A. Low, Monica Fabiani, Gabriele Gratton
Favailable in PDFLifespan associated global patterns of coherent neural communicationCommentary icon2020-(53)Bikash Sahoo, Anagh Pathak, Gustavo Deco, Arpan Banerjee, Dipanjan Roy
Favailable in PDF and HTMLNeural oscillatory dynamics serving abstract reasoning reveal robust sex differences in typically-developing children and adolescentsCommentary icon2020-(10)Brittany K. Taylor, Christine M. Embury, Elizabeth Heinrichs-Graham, Michaela R. Frenzel, Jacob A. Eastman, Alex I. Wiesman, Yu-Ping Wang, Vince D. Calhoun, Julia M. Stephen, Tony W. Wilson
Aavailable in HTMLTheta Oscillations in Human MemoryNo comments yet icon2019-(1)Nora A. Herweg, Ethan A. Solomon, Michael J. Kahana
Aavailable in HTMLAlpha Synchrony and the Neurofeedback Control of Spatial AttentionCommentary icon2019-(1)Yasaman Bagherzadeh, Daniel Baldauf, Dimitrios Pantazis, Robert Desimone
Favailable in PDFSpeaking waves: Neuronal oscillations in language productionCommentary icon2019-(39)Vitória Piai, Xiaochen Zheng
Aavailable in HTMLNeural entrainment and network resonance in support of top-down guided attentionCommentary icon2019-(1)Randolph F. Helfrich, Assaf Breska, Robert T. Knight
Favailable in PDFAssessing the Neural Correlates, Sources and Consequences of the Attentional RhythmCommentary icon2019-(112)Andrea Bocincova
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCausal Evidence for the Role of Neuronal Oscillations in Top-Down and Bottom-Up AttentionCommentary icon2019-(1)Justin Riddle, Kai Hwang, Dillan Cellier, Sofia Dhanani, Mark D'Esposito
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubProbing the Link Between Perception and Oscillations: Lessons from Transcranial Alternating Current StimulationCommentary icon2019-(17)Yuranny Cabral-Calderin, Melanie Wilke
Favailable in PDF and HTMLGamma tACs over the temporal lobe increases the occurrence of Eureka! momentsCommentary icon2019-(12)Emiliano Santarnecchi, Giulia Sprugnoli, Emanuela Bricolo, Giulio Costantini, Sook-Lei Liew, Christian S. Musaeus, Carola Salvi, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Alessandro Rossi, Simone Rossi
Favailable in PDF and HTMLChanges in functional connectivity dynamics with aging: A dynamical phase synchronization approachCommentary icon2019-(12)Sou Nobukawa, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Tetsuya Takahashi
Favailable in PDFRole of oscillations in visual perception: attention and working memoryNo comments yet icon2018-(46)Santeri Rouhinen
Favailable in PDF and HTMLTheta and Alpha Oscillations Are Traveling Waves in the Human NeocortexNo comments yet icon2018-(18)Honghui Zhang, Andrew J. Watrous, Ansh Patel, Joshua Jacobs
Aavailable in HTMLNeural Mechanisms of Sustained Attention Are RhythmicNo comments yet icon2018-(1)Randolph F. Helfrich, Ian C . Fiebelkorn, Sara M. Szczepanski, Jack J. Lin, Josef Parvizi, Robert T. Knight, Sabine Kastner
Aavailable in HTMLThe role of brain oscillations in flexible attentional controlCommentary icon2018-(1)Daniel Kristoffer Fehér
Favailable in PDF and HTMLSpectral fingerprints or spectral tilt? Evidence for distinct oscillatory signatures of memory formationCommentary icon2018-(41)Marie-Christin Fellner, Stephanie Gollwitzer, Stefan Rampp, Gernot Kreiselmeyr, Daniel Bush, Beate Diehl, Nikolai Axmacher, Hajo Hamer, Simon Hanslmayr
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubVariability and stability of large-scale cortical oscillation patternsCommentary icon2018-(32)Roy Cox, Anna C. Schapiro, Robert Stickgold
Aavailable in HTMLEnvelope analysis links oscillatory and arrhythmic EEG activities to two types of neuronal synchronizationCommentary icon2018-(1)Javier Díaz, Alejandro Bassi, Alex Coolen, Ennio A. Vivaldi, Juan-Carlos Letelier
Favailable in PDFInvestigating the role of oscillations in endogenous and exogenous attentional states: novel methods in neurophenomenologyCommentary icon2017-(217)Tracy Brandmeyer
Aavailable in HTMLNonsinusoidal Beta Oscillations Reflect Cortical Pathophysiology in Parkinson's DiseaseNo comments yet icon2017-(1)Scott R. Cole, Roemer van der Meij, Erik J. Peterson, Coralie de Hemptinne, Philip A. Starr, Bradley Voytek
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubPrefrontal cortex modulates posterior alpha oscillations during top-down guided visual perceptionCommentary icon2017-(6)Randolph F. Helfrich, Melody Huang, Guy Wilson, Robert T. Knight
Favailable in PDFIntrahemispheric theta rhythm desynchronization impairs working memoryCommentary icon2017-(24)Ivan Alekseichuk, Stefanie Corinna Pabel, Andrea Antal, Walter Paulus
Favailable in PDF and HTMLGlobal field synchronization reveals rapid eye movement sleep as most synchronized brain state in the human EEGCommentary icon2017-(9)Peter Achermann, Thomas Rusterholz, Roland Dürr, Thomas König, Leila Tarokh
Favailable in PDFDecreased global field synchronization of multichannel frontal EEG measurements in obsessive-compulsive disordersNo comments yet icon2017-(8)Mehmet Akif Özçoban, Oğuz Tan, Serap Aydin, Aydin Akan
Favailable in PDFBrain Oscillations and the Importance of Waveform ShapeCommentary icon2017-(13)Scott R. Cole, Bradley Voytek
Favailable in PDF and HTMLOscillations Go the Distance: Low-Frequency Human Hippocampal Oscillations Code Spatial Distance in the Absence of Sensory Cues during TeleportationCommentary icon2016-(6)Lindsay K. Vass, Milagros S. Copara, Masud Seyal, Kiarash Shahlaie, Sarah Tomaszewski Farias, Peter Y. Shen, Arne D. Ekstrom
Favailable in PDFA 7T fMRI study investigating the influence of oscillatory phase on syllable representationsCommentary icon2016-(37)S. Ten Oever, L. Hausfeld, J.M. Correia, N. Van Atteveldt, E. Formisano, A.T. Sack
Favailable in PDF and HTMLSynchronous beta rhythms of frontoparietal networks support only behaviorally relevant representationsCommentary icon2016-(22)Evan G. Antzoulatos, Earl K. Miller
Favailable in PDFThe topography of alpha-band activity tracks the content of spatial working memoryCommentary icon2016-(10)Joshua J. Foster, David W. Sutterer, John T. Serences, Edward K. Vogel, Edward Awh
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubMore than spikes: common oscillatory mechanisms for content specific neural representations during perception and memoryNo comments yet icon2015-(14)Andrew J. Watrous, Juergen Fell, Arne D. Ekstrom, Nikolai Axmacher
Favailable in PDFPsilocybin-induced spiritual experiences and insightfulness are associated with synchronization of neuronal oscillationsCommentary icon2015-(1)Michael Kometer, Thomas Pokorny, Erich Seifritz, Franz X. Volleinweider
Favailable in PDF and HTMLHow is the brain working? Research on brain oscillations and connectivities in a new “Take-Off” stateNo comments yet icon2015-(9)Erol Başar, Aysel Düzgün
Favailable in PDF and HTMLTask-Sensitive Reconfiguration of Corticocortical 6–20 Hz Oscillatory Coherence in Naturalistic Human PerformanceNo comments yet icon2015-(15)Timo Saarinen, Antti Jalava, Jan Kujala, Claire Stevenson, Riitta Salmelin
Favailable in PDFOscillatory synchrony as a mechanism of attentional processingNo comments yet icon2015-(18)Georgia G. Gregoriou, Sofia Paneri, Panagiotis Sapountzis
Favailable in PDFSynchrony and consciousnessNo comments yet icon2015-(15)Thilo Hinterberger, Cigdem Önal-Hartmann, Vahid Salari
Favailable in PDF and HTMLDifferent types of theta rhythmicity are induced by social and fearful stimuli in a network associated with social memoryNo comments yet icon2015-(22)Alex Tendler, Shlomo Wagner
Favailable in PDFAltered structure of dynamic ‘Electroencephalogram oscillatory pattern’ in major depressionNo comments yet icon2015-(31)Alexander A. Fingelkurts, Andrew A. Fingelkurts
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubDecreases in theta and increases in high frequency activity underlie associative memory encodingNo comments yet icon2015-(20)Jeffrey A. Greenberg, John F. Burke, Rafi Haque, Michael J. Kahana, Kareem A. Zaghloul
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCortical Low-Frequency Power and Progressive Phase Synchrony Precede Successful Memory EncodingCommentary icon2015-(10)Rafi U. Haque, John H. Wittig, Jr., Srikanth R. Damera, Sara K. Inati, Kareem A. Zaghloul
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCausal Frequency-Specific Contributions of Frontal Spatiotemporal Patterns Induced by Non-Invasive Neurostimulation to Human Visual PerformanceNo comments yet icon2013-(6)Lorena Chanes, Romain Quentin, Catherine Tallon-Baudry, Antoni Valero-Cabré
Favailable in PDF and HTMLScaling Brain Size, Keeping Timing: Evolutionary Preservation of Brain RhythmsCommentary icon2013-(14)György Buzsáki, Nikos Logothetis, Wolf Singer
Favailable in PDFWeakly Connected Quasiperiodic Oscillators, FM Interactions, and Multiplexing in the BrainNo comments yet icon1999-(39)Eugene M. Izhikevich
Brain Frequencies: Cross-Frequency couplings & concatenations (..subsequent EMF generation) Go to submenu

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Aavailable in HTMLTheta power and theta-gamma coupling during formation of novel representations in the infant brainCommentary icon2021-(1)Emma Ward, Ezgi Kayhan, Christian Kliesch, Radoslaw Cichy, Stefanie Hoehl, Moritz Köster
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCross-sample entropy for the study of coordinated brain activity in calm and distress conditions with electroencephalographic recordingsCommentary icon2021-(10)Beatriz García-Martínez, Antonio Fernández-Caballero, Raúl Alcaraz, Arturo Martínez-Rodrigo
Aavailable in HTMLCross-regional phase amplitude coupling supports the encoding of episodic memoriesNo comments yet icon2021-(1)David X. Wang, Kelsey Schmitt, Sarah Seger, Carlos E. Davila, Bradley C. Lega
Favailable in PDFIndividual dynamics of delta–beta coupling: using a multilevel framework to examine inter- and intraindividual differences in relation to social anxiety and behavioral inhibitionCommentary icon2021-(9)Berenice Anaya, Alicia M. Vallorani, Koraly Perez-Edgar
Favailable in PDF and HTMLThe intimate relationship between coalescent generators in very premature human newborn brains: Quantifying the coupling of nested endogenous oscillationsCommentary icon2020-(13)Sahar Moghimi, Azadeh Shadkam, Mahdi Mahmoudzadeh, Olivia Calipe, Marine Panzani, Mohammadreza Edalati, Maryam Ghorbani, Laura Routier, Fabrice Wallois
Aavailable in HTMLDistinct Oscillatory Dynamics Underlie Different Components of Hierarchical Cognitive ControlNo comments yet icon2020-(1)Justin Riddle, David A. Vogelsang, Kai Hwang, Dillan Cellier, Mark D'Esposito
Favailable in PDF and HTMLDynamic network interactions among distinct brain rhythms as a hallmark of physiologic state and functionCommentary icon2020-(11)Aijing Lin, Kang K. L. Liu, Ronny P. Bartsch, Plamen Ch. Ivanov
Favailable in PDFCommunication through coherence by means of cross-frequency couplingCommentary icon2020-(16)Joaquín González, Matias Cavelli, Alejandra Mondino, Nicolás Rubido, Adriano B.L. Tort, Pablo Torterolo
Favailable in PDF and HTMLTiming of phase-amplitude coupling is essential for neuronal and functional maturation of audiovisual integration in adolescentsCommentary icon2020-(15)Takefumi Ohki, Takeru Matsuda, Atsuko Gunji, Yuichi Takei, Ryusuke Sakuma, Yuu Kaneko, Masumi Inagaki, Takashi Hanakawa, Kazuhiro Ueda, Masato Fukuda, Kazuo Hiraki
Favailable in PDF and HTMLMindfulness Training is Associated with Changes in Alpha-Theta Cross-Frequency Dynamics During MeditationCommentary icon2020-(10)Julio Rodriguez-Larios, Kian Foong Wong, Julian Lim, Kaat Alaerts
Favailable in PDFFrom thoughtless awareness to effortful cognition: alpha - theta cross-frequency dynamics in experienced meditators during meditation, rest and arithmeticCommentary icon2020-(30)Julio Rodriguez-Larios, Pascal Faber, Peter Achermann, Shisei Tei, Kaat Alaerts
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCross-Frequency Interactions During Information Flow in Complex Brain Networks Are Facilitated by Scale-Free PropertiesCommentary icon2019-(16)Roberto C. Sotero, Lazaro M. Sanchez-Rodriguez, Mehdy Dousty, Yasser Iturria-Medina, Jose M. Sanchez-Bornot
Favailable in PDFDetection of Multiway Gamma Coordination Reveals How Frequency Mixing Shapes Neural DynamicsCommentary icon2019-(19)Darrell Haufler, Denis Pare
Favailable in PDFThe role of multi-scale phase synchronization and cross-frequency interactions in cognitive integrationNo comments yet icon2019-(68)Felix Siebenhühner
Aavailable in HTMLOld Brains Come Uncoupled in Sleep: Slow Wave-Spindle Synchrony, Brain Atrophy, and ForgettingNo comments yet icon2018-(1)Randolph F .Helfrich, Bryce A. Mander, William J. Jagust, Robert T. Knight, Matthew P.Walker
Aavailable in HTMLOscillatory Activity and Cross-Frequency Interactions in the Hippocampus and Connected Brain Structures during Sensory Information ProcessingCommentary icon2018-(1)E. V. Astasheva, M. E. Astashev, V. F. Kichigina
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubAnterior Thalamic High Frequency Band Activity Is Coupled with Theta Oscillations at RestNo comments yet icon2017-(13)Catherine M. Sweeney-Reed, Tino Zaehle, Jürgen Voges, Friedhelm C. Schmitt, Lars Buentjen, Viola Borchardt, Martin Walter, Hermann Hinrichs, Hans-Jochen Heinze, Michael D. Rugg, Robert T. Knight
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubRelationships between short and fast brain timescalesCommentary icon2017-(14)Eva Déli, Arturo Tozzi, James F. Peters
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubPhase Difference between Model Cortical Areas Determines Level of Information TransferCommentary icon2017-(17)Marije ter Wal, Paul H. Tiesinga
Favailable in PDF and HTMLSpatial Working Memory in Humans Depends on Theta and High Gamma Synchronization in the Prefrontal CortexNo comments yet icon2016-(10)Ivan Alekseichuk, Zsolt Turi, Gabriel Amador de Lara, Andrea Antal, Walter Paulus
Favailable in PDF and HTMLThe role of brain oscillations in predicting self-generated soundsCommentary icon2016-(9)Liyu Cao, Gregor Thut, Joachim Gross
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubFormation of visual memories controlled by gamma power phase-locked to alpha oscillationsCommentary icon2016-(10)Hyojin Park, Dong Soo Lee, Eunjoo Kang, Hyejin Kang, Jarang Hahm, June Sic Kim, Chun Kee Chung, Haiteng Jiang, Joachim Gross, Ole Jensen
Aavailable in HTMLBrain oscillations in perception, timing and actionCommentary icon2016-(6)Daya S. Gupta, Lihan Chen
Favailable in PDF and HTMLPhase-amplitude coupling supports phase coding in human ECoGCommentary icon2016-(15)Andrew J Watrous, Lorena Deuker Juergen, Fell Nikolai Axmacher
Favailable in PDFDifferent Coupling Modes Mediate Cortical Cross-Frequency InteractionsNo comments yet icon2015-(17)Randolph F. Helfrich, Christoph S. Herrmann, Andreas K. Engel, Till R. Schneider
Favailable in PDF and HTMLGamma Activity Coupled to Alpha Phase as a Mechanism for Top-Down Controlled GatingNo comments yet icon2015-(11)Mathilde Bonnefond, Ole Jensen
Favailable in PDF and HTMLThe brain as a working syncytium and memory as a continuum in a hyper timespace: Oscillations lead to a new modelCommentary icon2015-(16)Erol Başar, Aysel Düzgün
Favailable in PDFCortical networks dynamically emerge with the interplay of slow and fast oscillations for memory of a natural sceneNo comments yet icon2015-(38)Hiroaki Mizuhara, Naoyuki Sato, Yoko Yamaguchi
Favailable in PDFTheta–gamma coordination between anterior cingulate and prefrontal cortex indexes correct attention shiftsNo comments yet icon2015-(6)Benjamin Voloh, Taufik A. Valiante, Stefan Everling, Thilo Womelsdorf
Favailable in PDF and HTMLThe Phase of Thalamic Alpha Activity Modulates Cortical Gamma-Band Activity: Evidence from Resting-State MEG RecordingsNo comments yet icon2013-(9)Frédéric Roux, Michael Wibral, Wolf Singer, Jaan Aru, Peter J. Uhlhaas
Favailable in PDF and HTMLPhase-Amplitude Coupling in Rat Orbitofrontal Cortex Discriminates between Correct and Incorrect Decisions during Associative LearningNo comments yet icon2014-(13)Marijn van Wingerden, Roemer van der Meij, Tobias Kalenscher, Eric Maris, Cyriel M.A. Pennartz
Favailable in PDF and HTMLThe Theta-Gamma Neural CodeCommentary icon2013-(15)John E. Lisman, Ole Jensen
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubThe functional role of cross-frequency couplingNo comments yet icon2010-(21)Ryan T. Canolty, Robert T. Knight
Favailable in PDF and HTMLOscillatory phase coupling coordinates anatomically dispersed functional cell assembliesCommentary icon2010-(6)Ryan T. Canolty, Karunesh Ganguly, Steven W. Kennerley, Charles F. Cadieu, Kilian Koepsell, Jonathan D. Wallis, Jose M. Carmena
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubTemporal interactions between cortical rhythmsNo comments yet icon2008-(10)Anita K. Roopun, Mark A. Kramer, Lucy M. Carracedo, Marcus Kaiser, Ceri H. Davies, Roger D. Traub, Nancy J. Kopell, Miles A. Whittington
Favailable in PDF and HTMLAn Oscillatory Hierarchy Controlling Neuronal Excitability and Stimulus Processing in the Auditory CortexNo comments yet icon2005-(8)Peter Lakatos, Ankoor S. Shah, Kevin H. Knuth, Istvan Ulbert, George Karmos, Charles E. Schroeder
Neuron's electric and magnetic fields feedback on neurons, Ephaptic coupling Go to submenu

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Publication Year (and Number of Pages)

available in HTMLExtracellular Perinexal Separation Is a Principal Determinant of Cardiac Conduction (Ephaptic coupling in the heart also)Commentary icon2023-(1)
William P. Adams, Tristan B. Raisch, Yajun Zhao, Rafael Davalos, Sarah Barrett, D. Ryan King, Chandra B. Bain, Katrina Colucci-Chang, Grace A. Blair, Alexandra Hanlon, Alicia Lozano, Rengasayee Veeraraghavan, Xiaoping Wan, Isabelle Deschene, James W. Smyth, Gregory S. Hoeker, Robert G. Gourdie, Steven Poelzing
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCytoelectric coupling: Electric fields sculpt neural activity and “tune” the brain’s infrastructureCommentary icon2023-(6)Dimitris A. Pinotsis, Gene Fridman, Earl K. Miller
Favailable in PDFIn vivo ephaptic coupling allows memory network formationCommentary icon2023-(46)Dimitris A. Pinotsis, Earl K. Miller
Favailable in PDF and HTMLSubthreshold Oscillating Waves in Neural Tissue Propagate by Volume Conduction and Generate InterferenceCommentary icon2023-(18)Chia-Chu Chiang, Dominique M. Durand
Aavailable in HTMLRegulating memristive neuronal dynamical properties via excitatory or inhibitory magnetic field couplingCommentary icon2022-(1)Zhenghui Wen, Chunhua Wang, Quanli Deng, Hairong Lin
Aavailable in HTMLTheta waves, neural spikes and seizures can propagate by ephaptic coupling in vivoNo comments yet icon2022-(1)Muthumeenakshi Subramanian, Chia-Chu Chiang, Nicholas H. Couturier, Dominique M. Duran
Favailable in PDFRegulating neuronal excitation or inhibition via magnetic field couplingCommentary icon2022-(35)Zhenghui Wen, Chunhua Wang, Quanli Deng, Hairong Lin
Favailable in PDF and HTMLModulation of intercolumnar synchronization by endogenous electric fields in cerebral cortexCommentary icon2021-(13)Beatriz Rebollo, Bartosz Telenczuk, Alvaro Navarro-Guzman, Alain Destexhe, Maria V. Sanchez-Vives
Favailable in PDFEphaptic Coupling in Hybrid Neuronal ModelCommentary icon2021-(12)Gabriel Moreno Cunha, Gilberto Corso, José Garcia Vivas Miranda, Gustavo Zampier Dos Santos Lima
Aavailable in HTMLModeling and dynamics of double Hindmarsh-Rose neuron with memristor-based magnetic coupling and time delayCommentary icon2021-(1)Guoyuan Qi, Zimou Wang
Favailable in HTMLNeural WiFi: A new form of communication in the brain by electric fieldsNo comments yet icon2019-(?)Dominique M. Durand
Aavailable in HTMLFrequency-dependent entrainment of spontaneous Ca transients in the dendritic tufts of CA1 pyramidal cells in rat hippocampal slice preparations by weak AC electric fieldCommentary icon2019-(1)Ichiro Kato, Kenya Innami, Koki Sakuma, Hiroyoshi Miyakaw, Masashi Inoue, Toru Aonishi
Aavailable in HTMLPropagation of Endogenous Electric Fields as a Possible Mechanism of Synchronization of Interictal Spikes in the Rat NeocortexNo comments yet icon2019-(1)V. G. Marchenko, M. P. Rysakova. M. I. Zajchenko
Favailable in PDF and HTMLRealistic modeling of ephaptic fields in the human brainCommentary icon2019-(55)Giulio Ruffini, Ricardo Salvador, Ehsan Tadayon, Roser Sanchez-Todo, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Emiliano Santarnecchi
Aavailable in HTMLSelf-Propagating, Non-Sinaptic Hippocampal Waves Recruit Neurons by Electric Field CouplingCommentary icon2019-(1)Rajat S. Shivacharan
Favailable in PDFEphaptic interactions between myelinated nerve fibres of rodent peripheral nervesNo comments yet icon2019-(14)Francesco Bolzoni, Elzbieta Jankowska
Favailable in PDFSpontaneous Electromagnetic Induction Modulating the Neuronal Dynamical ResponseCommentary icon2019-(12)Rong Wang, Peihua Feng, Yongchen Fan, Ying Wu
Aavailable in HTMLEphaptic coupling, a mechanism for spontaneous neural propagation in the brain (conference abstract)Commentary icon2019-(1)Rajat S. Shivacharan, Chia-Chu Chiang, Dominique M. Durand
Aavailable in HTMLFrom Synapses to Ephapsis: Embodied Cognition and Wearable Personal AssistantsNo comments yet icon2019-(1)Roman Ormandy
Favailable in PDF and HTMLEphaptic Coupling Promotes Synchronous Firing of Cerebellar Purkinje CellsCommentary icon2018-(18)Kyung-Seok Han, Chong Guo, Christopher H.Chen, Laurens Witter, Tomas Osorno, Wade G.Regehr
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubSlow periodic activity in the longitudinal hippocampal slice can self-propagate non-synaptically by a mechanism consistent with ephaptic couplingCommentary icon2018-(20)Chia-Chu Chiang, Rajat S. Shivacharan, Xile Wei, Luis E. Gonzalez-Reyes, Dominique M. Durand
Favailable in PDFWeak electric fields promote resonance in neuronal spiking activity: analytical results from two-compartment cell and network modelsCommentary icon2018-(24)Josef Ladenbauer, Klaus Obermaye
Favailable in PDFElectromagnetic Radiation of NeuritesCommentary icon2018-(8)Bogdan-Mihai Gavriloaia, Mariuca-Roxana Gavriloaia, Nicolae Militaru, Teodor Petrescu, Nicolae-Dragos Vizireanu
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCollective responses in electrical activities of neurons under field couplingCommentary icon2018-(10)Ying Xu, Ya Jia, Jun Ma, Tasawar Hayat, Ahmed Alsaedi
Aavailable in HTMLEphaptic coupling of cortical neurons: Possible contribution of astroglial magnetic fields?No comments yet icon2017-(1)Marcos Martinez-Banaclocha
Favailable in PDFSynaptic and non-synaptic propagation of slow waves and their modulation by endogenous electric fieldsCommentary icon2017-(201)Beatriz Rebollo González
Aavailable in HTMLSynchronization behavior of coupled neuron circuits composed of memristorsNo comments yet icon2017-(1)Guodong Ren, Ying Xu, Chunni Wang
Favailable in PDFOn Axon-Axon Interaction via Currents and FieldsCommentary icon2017-(145)Aman Chawla
Favailable in PDF and HTMLExtending Integrate-and-Fire Model Neurons to Account for the Effects of Weak Electric Fields and Input Filtering Mediated by the DendriteNo comments yet icon2016-(29)Florian Aspart, Josef Ladenbauer, Klaus Obermayer
Favailable in PDFStatistical mechanics of neocortical interactions: Large-scale EEG influences on molecular processesCommentary icon2016-(16)Lester Ingber
Favailable in PDF and HTMLNeuronal coupling by endogenous electric fields: cable theory and applications to coincidence detector neurons in the auditory brain stemNo comments yet icon2016-(19)Joshua H. Goldwyn, John Rinzel
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCan Neural Activity Propagate by Endogenous Electrical Field?Commentary icon2015-(12)Chen Qiu, Rajat S. Shivacharan, Mingming Zhang, Dominique M. Durand
Favailable in PDF and HTMLDynamic Network Communication as a Unifying Neural Basis for Cognition, Development, Aging, and DiseaseCommentary icon2015-(9)Bradley Voytek, Robert T. Knight
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubWeak Sinusoidal Electric Fields Entrain Spontaneous Ca Transients in the Dendritic Tufts of CA1 Pyramidal Cells in Rat Hippocampal Slice PreparationsCommentary icon2015-(22)Kazuma Maeda, Ryuichi Maruyama,, Toru Nagae, Masashi Inoue, Toru Aonishi, Hiroyoshi Miyakawa
Favailable in PDFCalculating consciousness correlates at multiple scales of neocortical interactionsNo comments yet icon2015-(36)Lester Ingber
Favailable in PDFPropagation of neuronal activity by electric fieldNo comments yet icon2014-(76)Chen Qio
Aavailable in HTMLEndogenous fields enhanced stochastic resonance in a randomly coupled neuronal networkNo comments yet icon2014-(1)Bin Deng, Lin Wang, Jiang Wang, Xi-le Wei, Hai-tao Yu
Favailable in PDFElectroencephalographic field influence on calcium momentum wavesNo comments yet icon2013-(30)Lester Ingber, Marco Pappaleporea, Ronald R. Stesiak
Favailable in PDF and HTMLComputationally efficient simulation of electrical activity at cell membranes interacting with self-generated and externally imposed electric fieldsNo comments yet icon2013-(19)Andres Agudelo-Toro, Andreas Neef
Favailable in PDFEphaptic coupling of cortical neuronsNo comments yet icon2011-(8)Costas A. Anastassiou
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubEndogenous Electric Fields May Guide Neocortical Network ActivityCommentary icon2010-(25)Flavio Fröhlich, David A. McCormick

~~ Endogenous electric fields in epileptic seizures :
Favailable in PDFNeural recruitment by ephaptic coupling in epilepsyNo comments yet icon2021-(13)Rajat S. Shivacharan, Chia- Chu Chiang, Xile Wei, Muthumeenakshi Subramanian, Nicholas H. Couturier, Nrupen Pakalapati, Dominique M. Durand
Aavailable in HTMLSelf-propagating, non-synaptic epileptiform activity propagates by endogenous electric fieldsCommentary icon2019-(1)Rajat S. Shivacharan, Chia-Chu Chiang, Mingming Zhang, Luis E. Gonzalez-Reyes, Dominique M. Durand
Favailable in PDFIn vitro characterisation and modulation of evolving epileptiform activityCommentary icon2018-(231)Neela Krushna Codadu
Favailable in PDFSynaptic transmission modulates while non-synaptic processes govern the transition from pre-ictal to seizure activity in vitroCommentary icon2018-(16)Marom Bikson, Ana Ruiz-Nuño, Dolores Miranda, Greg Kronberg, Premysl Jiruska, John E Fox, John G.R. Jefferys
Favailable in PDFSepto-temporal patterns and mechanisms of neural propagationCommentary icon2015-(127)Mingming Zhang
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubPropagation of epileptiform activity can be independent of synaptic transmission, gap junctions, or diffusion and is consistent with electrical field transmissionCommentary icon2014-(11)Mingming Zhang, Thomas P. Ladas, Chen Qiu, Rajat S. Shivacharan, Luis E. Gonzalez-Reyes, Dominique M. Durand
Favailable in PDF and HTMLField effects and ictal synchronization: insights from in homine observationsCommentary icon2013-(4)Shennan A. Weiss, Guy McKhann Jr., Robert Goodman, Ronald G. Emerson, Andrew Trevelyan, Marom Bikson, Catherine A. Schevon
Plants and Unicellular consciousness (single neuron, bacterias, ...) Go to submenu

(F) Full or (A) Abstract

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Favailable in PDFEntropy Analysis of the Bioelectrical Activity of PlantsCommentary icon2021-(5)Hartmut Muller, Roberta Baccara, Rose Line Hofmann, Giuseppe Lonero, Simona Muratori, Giuliana Papa, Francesca Santoni, Loretta Todesco, Francesco Zanellati, Leili Khosravi
Favailable in PDF and HTMLIntegrated information as a possible basis for plant consciousnessNo comments yet icon2020-(8)Paco Calvo, František Baluška, Anthony Trewavas
Favailable in PDF and HTMLZoocentrism in the weeds? Cultivating plant models for cognitive yieldCommentary icon2020-(27)Adam Linson, Paco Calvo
Favailable in PDF and HTMLSpeed–accuracy trade-off in plantsCommentary icon2020-(8)Francesco Ceccarini, Silvia Guerra, Alessandro Peressotti, Francesca Peressotti, Maria Bulgheroni, Walter Baccinelli, Bianca Bonato, Umberto Castiello
Favailable in PDF and HTMLSentient Nature of Plants: Memory and AwarenessNo comments yet icon2019-(21)Sudhir Sopory, Tanushri Kaul
Aavailable in HTMLPlants as electromic plastic interfaces: A mesological approachCommentary icon2019-(1)Marc-Williams Debono, Gustavo Maia Souza
Favailable in PDF and HTMLPlants are intelligent, here’s howNo comments yet icon2019-(11)Paco Calvo, Monica Gagliano, Gustavo M. Souza, Anthony Trewavas
Favailable in PDF and HTMLAnaesthetics stop diverse plant organ movements, affect endocytic vesicle recycling and ROS homeostasis, and block action potentials in Venus flytrapsCommentary icon2017-(10)K. Yokawa, T. Kagenishi, A. Pavlovič, S. Gall, M. Weiland, S. Mancuso, F. Baluška
Favailable in PDF and HTMLThe foundations of plant intelligenceNo comments yet icon2017-(18)Anthony Trewavas
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubIn a green frame of mind: perspectives on the behavioural ecology and cognitive nature of plantsNo comments yet icon2014-(20)Monica Gagliano
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCBC-Clock Theory of Life – Integration of cellular circadian clocks and cellular sentience is essential for cognitive basis of lifeCommentary icon2021-(9)František Baluška, Arthur S. Reber
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubBiomolecular Basis of Cellular Consciousness via Subcellular NanobrainsCommentary icon2021-(15)František Baluška, William B. Miller, Jr., Arthur S. Reber
Favailable in PDFAdaptive behavior and learning in slime moulds: the role of oscillationsCommentary icon2020-(30)Aurèle Boussard, Adrian Fessel, Christina Oettmeier, Léa Briard, Hans-Gunther Dobereiner, Audrey Dussutour
Aavailable in HTMLAll living cells are cognitiveNo comments yet icon2020-(1)James A. Shapiro
Aavailable in HTMLCognition in some surprising placesNo comments yet icon2020-(1)Arthur S. Reber, František Baluška
Aavailable in HTMLPersonality changes following heart transplantation: The role of cellular memoryNo comments yet icon2020-(1)Mitchell B. Liester
Favailable in PDF and HTMLEvidence of conditioned behavior in amoebaeCommentary icon2019-(12)Ildefonso M. De la Fuente, Carlos Bringas, Iker Malaina, María Fedetz, Jose Carrasco-Pujante, Miguel Morales, Shira Knafo, Luis Martínez, Alberto Pérez-Samartín, José I. López, Gorka Pérez-Yarza, María Dolores Boyano
Aavailable in HTMLWho needs a brain? Slime moulds, behavioural ecology and minimal cognitionCommentary icon2019-(1)Jules Smith-Ferguson, Madeleine Beekman
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCellular Adaptation Relies on Regulatory Proteins Having Episodic Memory: Proteins Modulate Cell Metabolism and Reproduction by Remembering, Transmitting, and Using Data on the EnvironmentCommentary icon2019-(7)Razvan C. Stan, Darshak K. Bhatt, Maristela M. de Camargo
Favailable in PDFSentience and Consciousness in Single Cells: How the First Minds Emerged in Unicellular SpeciesNo comments yet icon2019-(15)František Baluška, Arthur S. Reber
EThe First Minds: Caterpillars, Karyotes, and Consciousness (book)Commentary icon2018-(264)Arthur S. Reber
Favailable in PDF and HTMLRemarkable problem-solving ability of unicellular amoeboid organism and its mechanismCommentary icon2018-(13)Liping Zhu, Song-Ju Kim, Masahiko Hara, Masashi Aono
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCellular intelligence: Microphenomenology and the realities of beingCommentary icon2017-(15)Brian J. Ford
Aavailable in HTMLThe Conscious Behavior of Microbes in a Physical Environment: An IntrospectionNo comments yet icon2017-(1)Richa, C. Sheeba, Soam Prakash
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubThe cognitive cell: bacterial behavior reconsideredNo comments yet icon2015-(18)Pamela Lyon
Aavailable in HTMLTowards slime mould colour sensor: Recognition of colours by Physarum polycephalumCommentary icon2013-(1)Andrew Adamatzky
Aavailable in HTMLDendritic spikes enhance stimulus selectivity in cortical neurons in vivoCommentary icon2013-(1)Spencer L. Smith, Ikuko T. Smith, Tiago Branco, Michael Häusser
Favailable in PDFComputing by physical interaction in neuronsCommentary icon2011-(10)Dorian Aur, Mandar Jog, Roman R. Poznanski
Favailable in PDFFrom Neuroelectrodynamics to Thinking MachinesCommentary icon2011-(9)Dorian Aur
Favailable in PDFIntraneuronal Information Processing in Biological NeuronsNo comments yet icon2010-(10)Dorian Aur
Favailable in PDF and HTMLAmoeboid organism solves complex nutritional challengesNo comments yet icon2009-(5)Audrey Dussutou, Tanya Latty, Madeleine Beekman, Stephen J. Simpson
Favailable in PDFAmoebae anticipate periodic eventsNo comments yet icon2007-(5)Tetsu Saigusa, Atsushi Tero, Toshiyuki Nakagaki, Yoshiki Kuramoto
Aavailable in HTMLDo cells think?Commentary icon2007-(1)S. Ramanathan, J. R. Broach
A Phylosophy for the Electromagnetic Mind Theory: Panpsychism Go to submenu

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Available Formats



Publication Year (and Number of Pages)

Aavailable in HTMLThe Feeling of Life Itself: Why Consciousness Is Widespread but Can't Be Computed (book)Commentary icon2019-(1)Christof Koch
Favailable in PDFThe Panpsychist Worldview: Challenging the Naturalism-Theism DichotomyNo comments yet icon2019-(55)Edwin Oldfield
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubThe easy part of the Hard Problem: A resonance theory of consciousnessCommentary icon2019-(24)Tam Hunt, Jonathan Schooler
Favailable in PDFPanpsychism: Ubiquitous SentienceCommentary icon2018-(13)Peter Sjöstedt-H.
Favailable in PDFLaws of Nature or Panpsychism?Commentary icon2017-(1)J. Dolbeault
Favailable in PDFPanpsychismNo comments yet icon2017-(22)Philip Goff
Favailable in PDFAvoiding perennial mind-body problemsNo comments yet icon2016-(17)Mostyn W. Jones
Favailable in PDFThe promise of panpsychism: understanding integrated information theory as a panpsychist theory of mindNo comments yet icon2016-(131)Henry Dobson
Favailable in PDFMind and Being: The Primacy of PanpsychismNo comments yet icon2015-(32)Galen Strawson
Favailable in PDFPanpsychism: A Defense against the Combination ProblemNo comments yet icon2014-(31)Seok Whee Nam
Favailable in PDFIn Defence of Strong Emergentist PanpsychismNo comments yet icon2014-(48)Jack Symes
Favailable in PDFPanpsychism and PanprotopsychismNo comments yet icon2013-(32)David J. Chalmers
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubMind and matterCommentary icon2013-(4)Leonard Freris
Favailable in PDFRealistic monism: why physicalism entails panpsychismNo comments yet icon2006-(24)Galen Strawson



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