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Electromagnetic - Various
EMF in biology, endogenous emissions, functions and biomolecular recognition

Pablo Andueza Munduate

In this site it's defended that consciousness is electromagnetic (EM) in nature, but not only consciousness or mind are electromagnetic but life itself only means that, at less complex level (with less layers interacting), also EM fields are at work, mind and life must have same basic principles as have been described time ago [1], so this section reviews some of the known endogenous EM fields related to life, other sections, more specific, speak about other ones. ...

One of the subsections here is dedicated to papers that propose that biomolecular interaction, recognition and binding is mediated by electromagnetic field [2] and it can be related to another section of this web which speaks about the resonant recognition model [3], as it will be seen. The initial problem as noted in various papers here (for example [4][5]) is that for protein interactions Brownian diffusion alone, which is usually considered as the main engine of protein dynamics, does not explain the rapidity and efficiency of the biomolecular reactions at works in cells, and indeed various data indicate that biophysical fields are working here, that as Preto et al. [5] mentioned:

".. [biomolecules] besides traditional Brownian motion, interact through long-range electromagnetic interactions as predicted from first principles of physics; long-range meaning that the mentioned interactions are effective over distances much larger than the typical dimensions of the molecules involved."

Various papers prove the existence of long-range protein vibrational modes [4][6][7][8] and because proteins are dipolar, those collective vibration of the protein molecules can be sufficiently strong and stable to generate functional EM fields, in this sense is mandatory to note also that it has been experimentally proven that all tested proteins have notable electron transport properties [9], more effective than artificially created cables, and that the most parsimonious explanation for this is that it must have a functional role (to enable them to work as an antennas capable to emit/receive electromagnetic fields).

Anyways a photonic pump is necessary to put a protein in coherent vibrational mode [4] that in turn can make protein to work as an antenna [10]:

" ...the excess energy (that is, energy input minus energy losses due to dissipation) is channeled into the vibrational mode of the lowest frequency. In other words, the shape of the entire molecule is periodically deformed resulting in a “breathing” movement. In doing so the biomolecules behave as microscopic antennas that absorb the electromagnetic radiation tuned at their “breathing” (mesoscopic) oscillation frequency. But antennas at the same time absorb and re-emit electromagnetic radiation, thus, according to a theoretical prediction, these antennas (biomolecules) can attractively interact at a large distance through their oscillating near-fields, and through the emitted electromagnetic radiation, provided that these oscillations are resonant and thus, take place at the same frequency."

And it is no need to look far for the light sources that put proteins in vibrational mode, proteins themselves can interact also and are continuously emitting and receiving photonic signals as is being seriously described and experimentally proven by the resonant recognition model, a model that predicts that the delocalised electrons moving along macromolecular (protein, DNA, RNA) backbone-like helical structure, can produce electromagnetic radiation, absorption and resonance with the spectral characteristics that correspond to the energy distribution along the macromolecule, and those emissions are in the light electromagnetic wavelength range, that is, they are photons. For this model are various papers and a descriptions in another section of this web [3] and I will not delve further into it here.

Cifra et al. [11] argue that radiofrequency interactions can be an important factor on a molecular scale where radiofrequency interactions between oscillating polar biomacromolecules, compared to other long-range molecular interactions, can have comparable energy and comparable, if not a larger, reach. Riss [12] comes to the conclusion that for the induced fit theory he found 8 knock-out criteria which reduce the probability for the correctness of this theory to 0.000003% while for a electrodynamic binning theory he calculate a probability of 99.9999999% to be correct.

Here also it's mentionable the somewhat revolutionary system to detect Hepatitis C Virus based on electromagnetic detection of the resonant frequency (as Cosic predicted [3]) of the virus RNA, described in two independent papers presented here [13][14].

But in this section more general subsections are available (as mentioned more specific ones are in other sections), including some reviews and some new experimental data, for example in the reviews we can see various papers with interesting points that, like in the case of Hammerschlag et al. [15], goes over various of the concepts treated in this website:

" Examples of clinically relevant biofields are the electrical and magnetic fields generated by arrays of heart cells and neurons that are detected, respectively, as electrocardiograms (ECGs) or magnetocardiograms (MCGs) and electroencephalograms (EEGs) or magnetoencephalograms (MEGs). At a basic physiology level, electromagnetic activity of neural assemblies appears to modulate neuronal synchronization and circadian rhythmicity. Numerous nonneural electrical fields have been detected and analyzed, including those arising from patterns of resting membrane potentials that guide development and regeneration, and from slowly-varying transepithelial direct current fields that initiate cellular responses to tissue damage. Another biofield phenomenon is the coherent, ultraweak photon emissions (UPE), detected from cell cultures and from the body surface. A physiological role for biophotons is consistent with observations that fluctuations in UPE correlate with cerebral blood flow, cerebral energy metabolism, and EEG activity. Biofield receptors are reviewed in 3 categories: molecular-level receptors, charge flux sites, and endogenously generated electric or electromagnetic fields."

In a review by Bizarri et al. [16] it is postulated among others that the effect of numerous "pharma" medicine can in really exert they effects altering endogenous fields:

" ...This is especially relevant when considering that a number of complex natural mixtures do not seems to recognize a specific target, while inducing dramatic effects, though (Bizzarri et al., 2011a). That is to say, that some complex molecular blends may exert their “pharmacological” effects by targeting some biophysical properties of the field, instead of single, well-recognized molecular targets."

In the review of Tzambazakis [17], there are included various concepts and postulates about the origins of endogenous EM fields: the cell membrane as a possible source based on acoustic-electrical waves that exhibit a millimeter EM radiative component (already has been detected vibrational modes in those membranes in the Hz, GHz and THz ranges), microtubules as an other possible source because mitochondrial energy supply a strong static electric field able to shift microtubular oscillations into highly non-linear region, and the low damping of these oscillations through the formation of an ordered water layer around mitochondria, and other possible origins like biophotons (for whose research a continuously up to date section [18] is available), or water coherence domains also as a source of endogenous EM fields (see section [19]).

As Daniel Fels put in [20]:

" Cell-internal EMFs exist to a much larger extent than has been described in text-books so far. Enough evidence has been accumulated to motivate studying more of their functionality. Yet, we cannot understand them only by applying what we understand so far from a purely molecule-based interpretation of life as EMFs are non-local, weightless, and transmit at much higher speed than diffusing molecules. But cell-matter and cell-EMFs are non-separable, and they are suggested to be understood as a unit that co-evolves, referred here as the double-aspect of life."

On the other hand, numerous experimental curious data bout endogenously generated fields is presented in the papers listed below, for example the series of experiments by Abraham A. Embi with the detection of fields from human blood [21], hair [22][23], hair follicle [24] (including strange magnetic transmission between hair follicle and hair shaft [25]) or how the magnetic field from human hand affect the field of the hair follicle [26]. In some relation with that last in the experiment of Shishkin et al. [27] is demonstrated that water heated with human hands has different properties that one heated with an equivalent thermal heater:

" Our experiments show the anomalous behavior of water conductivity and associated differential parameters under water heating by biological objects compared with traditional heating sources. Water response to human action strongly depends on psychophysiological and psychoemotional state of the person. Moreover the responses to the action by left and right human hands are substantially different and as a rule are specific to the gender. The possible physicochemical mechanisms of such anomalous water behavior are studied."

All our body (and its parts) emit detectable radiation at different scales and frequencies that if conveniently analyzed though some computer algorithms [28][29] can give not only deeper insights of the wellbeing and health of a person but also reflect his o her thoughts, emotions, and inter-physiologic, which may affect the functioning of the human body. Even our muscles when we move emit their characteristic frequencies! [30], so one can imagine how when is walking he moves not only the material body but is transforming continuously the electromagnetic field that surround him.

In this section there are also included speculative hypothesis like one proposed by Rose [31]:

" The author proposes that a wide range of traditional beliefs and practices may provide clues to real electromagnetic field interactions in the biosphere. For instance, evil eye beliefs may be a cultural elaboration of the sense of being stared at, which in turn may have a basis in real electromagnetic emissions through the eye. Data to support this hypothesis are presented. Other traditional beliefs such as remote sensing of game and the importance of connection to the Earth Mother may also contain a kernel of truth. A series of testable scientific hypotheses concerning traditional beliefs and electromagnetic fields is presented. At this stage, the theory does not have sufficient evidence to be accepted as proven; its purpose is to stimulate thought and research."

Or the possibility that assuming that electric potentials and fields are used by bacteria to communication in [32] it is proposed that processes of (Nitrogen and sugar) phosphotransferase systems (PTS) that would led to bacteria communications, are modeled by classical electrodynamics and that bacterial communication is using the free ions of Potassium to exert electric fields to others bacteria.

Or, as last example of the hypotheses listed in this section, the interesting role of water and electromagnetic fields in the origin of biological life [33]:

" The quantum field theoretical consideration of pure water postulates that even at room temperature miniscule compartments (so called coherent domains) of highly ordered water come out. In water solutions of ions and polar molecules these domains may become much more complex and may result in a higher level of orderliness called extended domains—coordinated clusters of basic coherent domains. They include coherent oscillations of electromagnetic field that may be resonantly connected to countless molecules and their interactions. Consequently, even in inanimate systems we may get a high orderliness that resembles the one of living beings."

References:

1. Wnuk, M. J., & Bernard, C. D. (2001). The Electromagnetic Nature of Life-The Contribution of W. Sedlak to the Understanding of the Essence of Life. Frontier Perspectives, 10(1), 32-35.

2. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Endogenous Electromagnetic Fields › EM Various › Biomolecular interaction, recognition and binding mediated by electromagnetic field

3. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Endogenous Electromagnetic Fields › EM & Resonant Recognition Model

4. Meriguet, Y., Lechelon, M., Gori, M., Nardecchia, I., Teppe, F., Kudashova, A., ... & Torres, J. (2019, September). Collective oscillations of proteins proven by terahertz spectroscopy in aqueous medium. In 2019 44th International Conference on Infrared, Millimeter, and Terahertz Waves (IRMMW-THz) (pp. 1-2). IEEE.

5. Preto, J., Nardecchia, I., Jaeger, S., Ferrier, P., & Pettini, M. (2015). Investigating encounter dynamics of biomolecular reactions: long-range resonant interactions versus Brownian collisions. Fields of the Cell, 215-228.

6. Acbas, G., Niessen, K. A., Snell, E. H., & Markelz, A. G. (2014). Optical measurements of long-range protein vibrations. Nature communications, 5(1), 1-7.

7. Turton, D. A., Senn, H. M., Harwood, T., Lapthorn, A. J., Ellis, E. M., & Wynne, K. (2014). Terahertz underdamped vibrational motion governs protein-ligand binding in solution. Nature communications, 5(1), 1-6.

8. Jaross, W. (2016). Are Molecular Vibration Patterns of Cell Structural Elements Used for Intracellular Signalling?. The Open Biochemistry Journal, 10, 12.

9. Lindsay, S. (2020). Ubiquitous Electron Transport in Non-Electron Transfer Proteins. Life, 10(5), 72.

10. Olmi, S., Gori, M., Donato, I., & Pettini, M. (2018). Collective behavior of oscillating electric dipoles. Scientific reports, 8(1), 1-12.

11. Kučera, O., & Cifra, M. (2016). Radiofrequency and microwave interactions between biomolecular systems. Journal of biological physics, 42(1), 1-8.

12. Riss, U. (2014). Electrodynamic Binning Theory versus Induced Fit Theory. Journal of Life Medicine, 2.2 (2014): 32-38.

13. Shiha, G., Samir, W., Azam, Z., Kar, P., Hamid, S., & Sarin, S. (2014). A Novel Method for Non-Invasive Diagnosis of Hepatitis C Virus Using Electromagnetic Signal Detection: A Multicenter International Study. biosystems, 7, 12.

14. Fathy, H., Soliman, L., Attallah, M., El-Sheshtawy, N., & Abd El, A. (2018) Comparative Study between the Conventional Methods and A New Technique using Electromagnetic Waves in Diagnosis and Follow up of Treatment of Hepatitis C Virus Infections. Egypt. J. Med. Microbiol., 27(3), 21-27.

15. Hammerschlag, R., Levin, M., McCraty, R., Bat, N., Ives, J. A., Lutgendorf, S. K., & Oschman, J. L. (2015). Biofield physiology: a framework for an emerging discipline. Global Advances in Health and Medicine, 4(1_suppl), gahmj-2015.

16. Bizzarri, M., Monti, N., Minini, M., & Pensotti, A. (2019). Field-dependent effects in biological systems. Organisms. Journal of Biological Sciences, 3(1), 35-42.

17. Tzambazakis, A. (2015). The evolution of the biological field concept. Fields of the Cell. Research Signpost, 1-27.

18. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Biophotons

19. EMMIND › Endogenous Fields & Mind › Water & Electromagnetic Fields

20. Fels, D. (2018). The double-aspect of life. Biology, 7(2), 28.

21. Embi, A. A. (2016). Human Blood Magnetic Profiles Interactions: Role in Mosquito Feeding. Journal of Nature and Science (JNSCI), 2(3), e186.

22. Embi, A. A. (2016). Demonstration of the Human Hair Shaft as Transmitter/Receiver of Electromagnetic Forces. Journal of Nature and Science, 2(5), e191.

23. Embi, A. A. (2016). Similarity in Bioelectromagnetic Fields Emitted by Hairs of the Mosquito Larva (Culex quinquefasciatus) and Humans. Journal of Nature and Science (JNSCI), 2(11), e250.

24. Bs, A. A. E. (2018). The Human hair Follicle Pulsating Biomagnetic Field Reach as Measured by Crystals Accretion. International Journal of Research-Granthaalayah, 6(7), 290-299.

25. Embí, A. A. (2020). Evidence of Teleported Bioelectromagnetic Energy Transfer in a Human Miniorgan Causing a Delay in Crystallization. International Journal of Research-Granthaalayah, 8(6), 156-162.

26. Embí, A. A. (2020). Demonstration of the Human Hair Follicle Magnetoreception of Biomagnetism Radiated by the Concave Part of the Human Hand. International Journal of Research-Granthaalayah, 8(5), 348-354.

27. Shishkin, G. G., Ageev, I. M., Rybin, Y. M., & Shishkin, A. G. (2013). Research of water response under the action of the infrared human body radiation by water conductometric sensors. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, 3(03), 278.

28. Chhabra, G., Prasad, A., & Marriboyina, V. (2019). Comparison and performance evaluation of human bio-field visualization algorithm. Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry, 1-12.

29. Ghazali, A. S., & Sidek, S. N. (2014, December). Electromagnetic based emotion recognition using ANOVA feature selection and Bayes Network. In 2014 IEEE Conference on Biomedical Engineering and Sciences (IECBES) (pp. 520-525). IEEE.

30. Llinás, R. R., Ustinin, M., Rykunov, S., Walton, K. D., Rabello, G. M., Garcia, J., ... & Sychev, V. (2020). Noninvasive muscle activity imaging using magnetography. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(9), 4942-4947.

31. Ross, C. A. (2011). Traditional beliefs and electromagnetic fields. AIBR: Revista de Antropología Iberoamericana, 6(3), 269-286.

32. Barani, N., & Sarabandi, K. (2019, July). Theory of Electromagnetic-Based Communication within Bacterial Communities. In 2019 IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation and USNC-URSI Radio Science Meeting (pp. 1-2). IEEE.

33. Jerman, I. (2018). Emergence of Organisms from Ordered Mesoscopic States of Water (Liquids)—Physical Instead of Chemical Origin of Life. In Biological, Physical and Technical Basics of Cell Engineering (pp. 321-338). Springer, Singapore.

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text updated: 23/07/2020
tables updated: 15/09/2020

Endogenous Fields & Mind
EM - Various

General reviews about endogenously generated electromagnetic fields Go to submenu

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Favailable in PDFThe study of the electromagnetic component of the human body as a diagnostic indicator in the examination of patients with non-communicable diseases: Problem statementNo comments yet icon2020-(5)Ozar P. Mintser, Valery V. Semenets, Maksim М. Potiazhenko, Peter М. Podpruzhnykov, Ganna V. Nevoit
Favailable in PDFEvaluation of the human bioelectromagnetic field in medicine: the development of methodology and prospects are at the present scientific stageNo comments yet icon2019-(5)Ozar P. Minser, Maksim M. Potiazhenko, Ganna V. Nevoit
Favailable in PDFField-dependent effects in biological systemsCommentary icon2019-(8)Mariano Bizzarri, Noemi Monti, Mirko Mininia, Andrea Pensotti
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubThe Double-Aspect of LifeNo comments yet icon2018-(8)Daniel Fels
Favailable in PDFCompatibility of Biomagnetic Profiles Found in Living Matter by Cross Species DemostrationNo comments yet icon2018-(9)Abraham A Embi
Favailable in HTMLBiophysical mechanisms complementing “classical” cell biologyNo comments yet icon2018-(18)Richard H.W. Funk
Favailable in PDFWireless Communication in BiosystemsCommentary icon2017-(24)Jingjing Xu, Fan Yang, Danhong Han, Shengyong Xu
Favailable in PDFElectromagnetic Waves Propagate Well in Insulating BiomaterialsNo comments yet icon2017-(3)Shengyong Xu, Jingjing Xu
Aavailable in HTMLElectromagnetic homeostasis and the role of low-amplitude electromagnetic fields on life organizationCommentary icon2016-(1)Antonella De Ninno, Massimo Pregnolato
Favailable in PDFA human source for ELF magnetic perturbationsCommentary icon2016-(6)Abraham R. Liboff
Favailable in PDFThe Biofield: Bridge Between Mind and BodyCommentary icon2015-(14)Beverly Rubik
Favailable in PDF and HTMLBiofield Physiology: A Framework for an Emerging DisciplineNo comments yet icon2015-(7)Richard Hammerschlag, Michael Levin, Rollin McCraty, Namuun Bat, John A. Ives, Susan K. Lutgendorf, James L. Oschman
Favailable in PDFThe evolution of the biological field conceptNo comments yet icon2015-(28)Antonios Tzambazakis
Favailable in PDFCellular electrodynamics in kHz–THz regionNo comments yet icon2015-(26)Michal Cifra
Favailable in PDFDiseases Caused by Defects of Energy Level and Loss of Coherence in Living CellsNo comments yet icon2015-(10)A. Jandová, J. Kobilková, J. Pokorný,, M. Nedbalová, A. Čoček, J. Vrba, J. Vrba Jr., A. Dohnalová, J. Kytnarov, J.A. Tuszynski
Favailable in PDFElectromagnetic cellular interactionsCommentary icon2010-(24)Michal Cifra, Jeremy Z. Fields, Ashkan Farhadi
Favailable in PDFElectromagnetic effects – From cell biology to medicineCommentary icon2008-(88)Richard H.W. Funk, Thomas Monsees, Nurdan Özkucur
Favailable in PDFToward an Electromagnetic Paradigm for Biology and MedicineCommentary icon2004-(7)Abraham R. Liboff
Favailable in PDFThe biofield hypothesis: its biophysical basis and role in medicineNo comments yet icon2002-(15)Beberly Rubik
Biomolecular interaction, recognition and binding mediated by endogenous electromagnetic field Go to submenu

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Pavailable in PDF and HTMLUbiquitous Electron Transport in Non-Electron Transfer ProteinsCommentary icon2020-(13)Stuart Lindsay
Aavailable in PDFProcess-based Modelling of RNAs and Proteins towards the Simulation of Long-distance Electrodynamic Interactions in BiomoleculesNo comments yet icon2020-(1)S. Maestri, E. Merelli, M. Pettini
Favailable in HTMLCollective oscillations of proteins proven by terahertz spectroscopy in aqueous mediumCommentary icon2019-(1)Yoann Meriguet, Mathias Lechelon, Matteo Gori, Ilaria Nardecchia, Frederic Teppe, Anastasiia Kudashova, Dominique Coquillat, Luca Varani, Marco Pettini, Jeremie Torres
Favailable in PDF and HTMLStrong coupling of collective intermolecular vibrations in organic materials at terahertz frequenciesCommentary icon2019-(8)Ran Damari, Omri Weinberg, Daniel Krotkov, Natalia Demina, Katherine Akulov, Adina Golombek, Tal Schwartzz, Sharly Fleischer
Aavailable in HTMLRigorous Approach to Simulate Electromagnetic Interactions in Biological SystemsCommentary icon2018-(1)Kenneth W. Allen, William D. Hunty, Jonathan D. Andreasen, John D. Farnum, Alex Saad-Falcon, Ryan S. Westafer, Douglas R. Denison
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCollective behavior of oscillating electric dipolesCommentary icon2018-(12)Simona Olmi, Matteo Gori, Irene Donato, Marco Pettini
Favailable in PDF and HTMLThe Use of Planar Electromagnetic Fields in Effective Vaccine DesignNo comments yet icon2017-(11)Adrián Cortés, Jonathan Coral, Colin McLachlan, Ricardo Benítez
Aavailable in HTMLPlanar molecular arrangements aid the design of MHC class II binding peptidesNo comments yet icon2017-(1)Adrián Cortés, Jonathan Coral, Colin McLachlan, Ricardo Benítez, L. Pinilla
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubAre Molecular Vibration Patterns of Cell Structural Elements Used for Intracellular Signalling?Commentary icon2016-(5)Werner Jaross
Favailable in PDFCampos electromagnéticos planares permiten explicar el acople entre péptidos y moléculas de HLA-IINo comments yet icon2015-(8)Adrián Cortés, Jonathan Coral
Aavailable in PDFIs it possible to detect long- range interactions among biomolecules through noise and diffusion?No comments yet icon2015-(1)I. Donato , M. Gori , I. Nardecchia , M.Pettini , J. Torres, L. Varani
Favailable in PDFRadiofrequency and microwave interactions between biomolecular systemsNo comments yet icon2015-(8)Ondřej Kučera, Michal Cifra
Favailable in PDFTerahertz underdamped vibrational motion governs protein-ligand binding in solutionNo comments yet icon2014-(6)David A. Turton, Hans Martin Senn, Thomas Harwood, Adrian J. Lapthorn, Elizabeth M. Ellis, Klaas Wynne
Favailable in PDF and HTMLOptical measurements of long-range protein vibrationsCommentary icon2014-(7)Gheorghe Acbas, Katherine A. Niessen, Edward H. Snel, A.G. Markelz
Favailable in PDFExperimental detection of long-distance interactions between biomolecules throughtheir diffusion behavior: Numerical studyNo comments yet icon2014-(14)Ilaria Nardecchia, Lionel Spinelli, Jordane Preto, Matteo Gori, Elena Floriani, Sebastien Jaeger, Pierre Ferrier, Marco Pettini
Favailable in PDFOn the role of electrodynamic interactions in long-distance biomolecular recognitionCommentary icon2014-(31)Jordane Preto, Marco Pettini, Jack A. Tuszynski
Favailable in PDFElectrodynamic Binning Theory versus Induced Fit TheoryNo comments yet icon2014-(7)Udo Riss
Favailable in PDF and HTMLTheory of affinity maturation of antibodiesCommentary icon2013-(6)Udo Riss
Favailable in PDF and HTMLError Corrected Sub-Monolayer Ellipsometry for Measurement of Biomolecular InteractionsCommentary icon2013-(10)Udo Riss
Various experiments and new data on endogenous electromagnetic fields Go to submenu

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Favailable in PDF and HTMLEvidence of human inter-tissue bioelectromagnetic transfer: The human blood tisue intrinsic bioelectromagnetic energy transfer onto miniorganNo comments yet icon2020-(9)Abraham A. Embi
Aavailable in HTMLCentrosome as a micro-electronic generator in live cellNo comments yet icon2020-(1)Johan Nygrena, Roger A. Adelman, Max Myakishev-Rempel, Guogui Sun, Jiong Li, Yue Zhao
Favailable in PDF and HTMLEvidence of Teleported Bioelectromagnetic Energy Transfer in a Human Miniorgan Causing a Delay in CrystallizationCommentary icon2020-(7)Abraham A. Embi
Favailable in PDF and HTMLDemonstration of the Human Hair Follicle Magnetoreception of Biomagnetism Radiated by the Concave Part of the Human HandNo comments yet icon2020-(7)Abraham A. Embi
Favailable in PDF and HTMLNoninvasive muscle activity imaging using magnetographyCommentary icon2020-(6)Rodolfo R. Llinás, Mikhail Ustinin, Stanislav Rykunov, Kerry D. Walton, Guilherme M. Rabello, John Garcia, Anna Boyko, Vyacheslav Sychev
Aavailable in HTMLElectric Polarization of Soft Biological Tissues Induced by Ultrasound WavesCommentary icon2019-(1)Kenji Ikushima, Takashi Kumamoto, Kenshiro Ito, Yamato Anzai
Favailable in PDF and HTMLElectronic transmission of nonlocal suppressive effect of Chinese herbal medicine to Escherichia coliNo comments yet icon2019-(4)Yu Chen, Zhong Zhen Cai, Peng Gao, Qian Feng, Xuemei Bai, Bruce Q. Tang
Aavailable in HTMLField dynamics in atrioventricular activation. Clinical evidence of a specific field-to-protein interactionCommentary icon2019-(1)Manel Ballester-Rodés, Francesc Carreras-Costa, Teresa Versyp-Ducaju, Montserrat Ballester-Rodés, Davendra Mehta
Aavailable in HTMLElectromagnetic Energy Emanating from Plant and Animal Tissues in the Form of Replicate ImagesNo comments yet icon2018-(1)Benjamin Scherlag, Khaled Elkholey, Abraham A. Embi, Jerry I. Jacobson, Jack B. Scherlag, Kaustuv Sahoo, Sunny S. Po
Favailable in PDFThe Human Hair Follice Pulsating Biomagnetic Field Reach as Measured by Crystal AccretionCommentary icon2018-(10)Abraham A. Embi
Favailable in PDFComparative Study between the Conventional Methods and A New Technique using Electromagnetic Waves in Diagnosis and Follow up of Treatment of Hepatitis C Virus InfectionsCommentary icon2018-(7)Hassan Fathy, Laila Soliman, Makram Attallah, Nadia El-Sheshtawy, Amer Abd El Motagally, Mostaffa El Nakib
Favailable in PDF and HTMLExperimental and Computational Studies on the Basic Transmission Properties of Electromagnetic Waves in Softmaterial WaveguidesCommentary icon2018-(11)Jingjing Xu, Yuanyuan Xu, Weiqiang Sun, Mingzhi Li, Shengyong Xu
Favailable in PDF and HTMLModeling of inhomogeneous electromagnetic fields in the nervous system: a novel paradigm in understanding cell interactions, disease etiology and therapyCommentary icon2018-(20)Jasmina Isakovic, Ian Dobbs-Dixon, Dipesh Chaudhury, Dinko Mitrecic
Favailable in PDFHuman sweat ducts as helical antennas in the sub-THz frequency range-an overviewNo comments yet icon2018-(14)Anna Kochnev, Noa Betzalel, Paul Ben Ishai, Yuri Feldman
Aavailable in HTMLBiological Infrared Antenna and RadarCommentary icon2017-(1)P. Singh, R. Doti, J. E. Lugo, J. Faubert, S. Rawat, S. Ghosh, K. Ray, A. Bandyopadhyay
Favailable in PDF and HTMLThe Mechanisms of Immunomodulation in AcupunctureCommentary icon2017-(8)Nadia Volf, Leonid Ferdman
Favailable in PDFCellular Respiration Oxidation Reduction Reactions Electromagnetic Fields Emissions as Possible Causative Agent in Diseases: A Chronic Bombardment TheoryCommentary icon2016-(5)Abraham A. Embi
Favailable in PDF and HTMLIntroducing Electrobiomagnetism as Factor in BioluminescenceNo comments yet icon2016-(4)Abraham A. Embi, Alfonso Zarate
Favailable in PDF and HTMLHuman Blood Magnetic Profiles Interactions: Role in Mosquito FeedingNo comments yet icon2016-(3)Abraham A. Embi
Favailable in PDF and HTMLDemonstration of the Human Hair Shaft as Transmitter/Receiver of Electromagnetic ForcesNo comments yet icon2016-(4)Abraham A. Embi
Favailable in PDF and HTMLSimilarity in Bioelectromagnetic Fields Emitted by Hairs of the Mosquito Larva (Culex quinquefasciatus) and HumansNo comments yet icon2016-(4)Abraham A. Embi
Favailable in PDF and HTMLElectromagnetic Imaging of Subdermal Human Hair Follicles In VivoNo comments yet icon2016-(4)Benjamin J. Scherlag, Kaustuv Sahoo
Favailable in PDF and HTMLDetection of Bioelectromagnetic Signals Transmitted Through the Exoskeleton of Living Land SnailsNo comments yet icon2016-(4)Abraham A. Embi, Benjamin J. Scherlag
Favailable in PDFBio-magnetism as a Mechanism Underlying the Processes Involved in PollinationCommentary icon2016-(5)Abraham A. Embi, Benjamin J. Scherlag
Favailable in PDFA Novel and Simplified Method for Imaging the Electromagnetic Energy in Plant and Animal TissuesNo comments yet icon2016-(4)Benjamin J. Scherlag, Kaustuv Sahoo, Abraham A. Embi
Favailable in PDF and HTMLDemonstration of Inherent Electromagnetic Energy Emanating from Isolated Human HairsNo comments yet icon2015-(2)Abraham A. Embi, Jerry I. Jacobson, Kaustuv Sahoo, Benjamin J. Scherlag
Favailable in HTMLFashioning Cellular Rhythms with Magnetic Energy and Sound Vibration: a New Perspective for Regenerative MedicineNo comments yet icon2014-(20)Carlo Ventura
Favailable in PDF and HTMLCoupled Electromagnetic Circuits and Their Connection to Quantum Mechanical Resonance Interactions and BiorhythmsNo comments yet icon2013-(22)W. Ulmer, G. Cornelissen
Favailable in PDFA Novel Method for Non-Invasive Diagnosis of Hepatitis C Virus Using Electromagnetic Signal Detection: A Multicenter International StudyNo comments yet icon2013-(7)Gamal Shiha, Waleed Samir, Zahid Azam, Premashis Kar, Saeed Hamid, Shiv Sarin
Favailable in PDFResearch on variations in some electrophysiological characteristic data of acupunture points in experimental animals put under different atmosphere pressureNo comments yet icon2012-(3)Krasimir Hristov
Favailable in PDFA Study of the Endogenous Electromagnetic Field into the Space Around the Flower PlantsNo comments yet icon2007-(2)Valery Shalatonin
 Intercellular communication (in non-neural cells):
Aavailable in HTMLElectromagnetic communication between cells through tunnelling nanotubesCommentary icon2019-(1)Jan Pokorný, Jiří Pokorný, Jan Vrba
Favailable in PDF and HTMLReplicate Imaging of a Unicellular Plant through a GlassBarrier Using Fine Iron Particles: Evidence for Electromagnetic Energy TransferCommentary icon2017-(4)Benjamin Scherlag, Kaustuv Sahoo, Abraham A. Embi
Favailable in PDFRole of Electric and Magnetic Energy Emission in Intra and Interspecies Interaction in MicrobesNo comments yet icon2016-(23)Richa, D. K. Chaturvedi, Soam Prakash
Favailable in PDFDiscovery of motion based communication between the unicellular micro-organisms “Paramecium” by using artificial intelligence techniquesCommentary icon2016-(8)A. B. Orun
 General human biofield:
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Some speculative ideas based on endogenous electromagnetic fields Go to submenu

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Endogenous electromagnetic fields & electron Spin Go to submenu

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