Electromagnetic - Various
EM in biology, endogenous emissions, and biomolecular recognition
In this site it's proposed that consciousness is electromagnetic (EM) in nature  but not only consciousness and mind is electromagnetic but life itself only mean that, at less complex level (with less layers interacting), also EM fields are at work, mind and life must have same basic principles as is described in , so this section reviews some of the known or theorized endogenos EM fields related to life (but in no way all; other sections, more specific, contains evidences for their respective ambits). ...
One of the sections here is dedicated to papers that proposed that biomolecular interaction, recognition and binding is mediated by electromagnetic field  and it can be related to other section of this web which speaks about the resonant recognition model . Cifra et al.  argues that radiofrequency interactions can be an important factor on a molecular scale where radiofrequency interactions between oscillating polar biomacromolecules, compared to other long-range molecular interactions, can have comparable energy and comparable, if not a larger, reach. Riss  comes to the conclusion that for the induced fit theory he found 8 knock-out criteria which reduce the probability for the correctness of this theory to 0.000003% while for a electrodynamic binning theory he calculate a probability of 99.9999999% to be correct. Various papers prove the existence of long-range protein vibrational modes [7,8] and those can generate EM fields due to the dipolar properties of the macromolecules.
As already mentioned, in this sense, is important to underpin the resonant recognition model  where also is pointed out that the recognition between biomolecules is mediated by EM, and where some cellular signaling pathways (for example) can also be expressed as combinations of resonance energies [9,10]. Preto et al.  also proposed that:
".. [biomolecules] besides traditional Brownian motion, interact through long-range electromagnetic interactions as predicted from first principles of physics; long-range meaning that the mentioned interactions are effective over distances much larger than the typical dimensions of the molecules involved."
The rest of the subsections here are more general (as mentioned more specific sections are detailed in the rest of the sections of this site), including some reviews and some new experimental data, also there are included speculative hypothesis like one proposed by Rose :
" The author proposes that a wide range of traditional beliefs and practices may provide clues to real electromagnetic field interactions in the biosphere. For instance, evil eye beliefs may be a cultural elaboration of the sense of being stared at, which in turn may have a basis in real electromagnetic emissions through the eye. Data to support this hypothesis are presented. Other traditional beliefs such as remote sensing of game and the importance of connection to the Earth Mother may also contain a kernel of truth. A series of testable scientific hypotheses concerning traditional beliefs and electromagnetic fields is presented. At this stage, the theory does not have sufficient evidence to be accepted as proven; its purpose is to stimulate thought and research."
Or the interesting role of water and electromagnetic fields in the origin of biological life :
" The quantum field theoretical consideration of pure water postulates that even at room temperature miniscule compartments (so called coherent domains) of highly ordered water come out. In water solutions of ions and polar molecules these domains may become much more complex and may result in a higher level of orderliness called extended domains—coordinated clusters of basic coherent domains. They include coherent oscillations of electromagnetic field that may be resonantly connected to countless molecules and their interactions. Consequently, even in inanimate systems we may get a high orderliness that resembles the one of living beings."
But getting back to reviews, we can see various papers with also interesting points that, like in the case of Hammerschlag et al. , goes over various of the concepts treated in this website.
" Examples of clinically relevant biofields are the electrical and magnetic fields generated by arrays of heart cells and neurons that are detected, respectively, as electrocardiograms (ECGs) or magnetocardiograms (MCGs) and electroencephalograms (EEGs) or magnetoencephalograms (MEGs). At a basic physiology level, electromagnetic activity of neural assemblies appears to modulate neuronal synchronization and circadian rhythmicity. Numerous nonneural electrical fields have been detected and analyzed, including those arising from patterns of resting membrane potentials that guide development and regeneration, and from slowly-varying transepithelial direct current fields that initiate cellular responses to tissue damage. Another biofield phenomenon is the coherent, ultraweak photon emissions (UPE), detected from cell cultures and from the body surface. A physiological role for biophotons is consistent with observations that fluctuations in UPE correlate with cerebral blood flow, cerebral energy metabolism, and EEG activity. Biofield receptors are reviewed in 3 categories: molecular-level receptors, charge flux sites, and endogenously generated electric or electromagnetic fields."
Also in the review of Tzambazakis , are included various concepts and postulates about origins of endogenous EM fields: cell membrane as a possible source based on acoustic-electrical waves that exhibit a millimeter EM radiative component (there has been detected vibrational modes in membranes in Hz, GHz and THz ranges), microtubules as an other possible source because mitochondrial energy supply a strong static electric field able to shift microtubule oscillations into highly non-linear region and a low damping of these oscillations through the formation of an ordered water layer around mitochondria, and other possible origins like biophotons (for whose research an updated tracking in section  is available), or water coherence domains as a source of endogenous EM fields (see section )
As Daniel Fels put in :
" Cell-internal EMFs exist to a much larger extent than has been described in text-books so far. Enough evidence has been accumulated to motivate studying more of their functionality. Yet, we cannot understand them only by applying what we understand so far from a purely molecule-based interpretation of life as EMFs are non-local, weightless, and transmit at much higher speed than diffusing molecules. But cell-matter and cell-EMFs are non-separable, and they are suggested to be understood as a unit that co-evolves, referred here as the double-aspect of life."
This introductory commentary will finish with a pair of curiosities:
In the experiment of Shishkin et al.  is demonstrated that water heated with human hands has different properties that one heated with an equivalent thermal heater:
" Our experiments show the anomalous behavior of water conductivity and associated differential parameters under water heating by biological objects compared with traditional heating sources. Water response to human action strongly depends on psychophysiological and psychoemotional state of the person. Moreover the responses to the action by left and right human hands are substantially different and as a rule are specific to the gender. The possible physicochemical mechanisms of such anomalous water behavior are studied."
And the "curiosity" that the somewhat revolutionary system to detect Hepatitis C Virus based on electromagnetic detection of the resonant frequency (as Cosic predicted ) of the virus RNA described in the paper by Shiba et al.  and that the author of this site consider it a serious work sufficiently tested to be the first publication in this sense, has not received the sufficient attention, and some attention that receive is to criticize it but without any serious argument as, if the reader is interested in search and read it, will see.
9. Karbowski, Lukasz M., Nirosha J. Murugan, and Michael A. Persinger. "Novel Cosic resonance (standing wave) solutions for components of the JAK–STAT cellular signaling pathway: A convergence of spectral density profiles." FEBS open bio 5.1 (2015): 245-250.
10. Persinger, Michael A., Nirosha J. Murugan, and Lukasz M. Karbowski. "Combined Spectral Resonances of Signaling Proteins' Amino Acids in the ERK-MAP Pathway Reflect Unique Patterns That Predict Peak Photon Emissions and Universal Energies." International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy 4 (2015): 10.
20. Jerman, Igor. "Emergence of Organisms from Ordered Mesoscopic States of Water (Liquids)—Physical Instead of Chemical Origin of Life." Biological, Physical and Technical Basics of Cell Engineering. Springer, Singapore, 2018. 321-338.
Very related sections:
↑ text updated: 08/09/2018
↓ tables updated: 05/12/2019
Endogenous Fields & Mind
EM - Various
General reviews about endogenously generated electromagnetic fields ║ Biomolecular interaction, recognition and binding mediated by endogenous electromagnetic field ║ Various experiments and new data on endogenous electromagnetic fields ║ Some speculative ideas based on endogenous electromagnetic fields ║ Endogenous electromagnetic fields & electron Spin
(F) Full or (A) Abstract
Publication Year (and Number of Pages)
|F||Field-dependent effects in biological systems||2019-(8)||Mariano Bizzarri, Noemi Monti, Mirko Mininia, Andrea Pensotti|
|F||The Double-Aspect of Life||2018-(8)||Daniel Fels|
|F||Biophysical mechanisms complementing “classical” cell biology||2018-(18)||Richard H.W. Funk|
|F||Wireless Communication in Biosystems||2017-(24)||Jingjing Xu, Fan Yang, Danhong Han, Shengyong Xu|
|F||Electromagnetic Waves Propagate Well in Insulating Biomaterials||2017-(3)||Shengyong Xu, Jingjing Xu|
|A||Electromagnetic homeostasis and the role of low-amplitude electromagnetic fields on life organization||2016-(1)||Antonella De Ninno, Massimo Pregnolato|
|F||A human source for ELF magnetic perturbations||2016-(6)||Abraham R. Liboff|
|F||The Biofield: Bridge Between Mind and Body||2015-(14)||Beverly Rubik|
|F||Biofield Physiology: A Framework for an Emerging Discipline||2015-(7)||Richard Hammerschlag, Michael Levin, Rollin McCraty, Namuun Bat, John A. Ives, Susan K. Lutgendorf, James L. Oschman|
|F||The evolution of the biological field concept||2015-(28)||Antonios Tzambazakis|
|F||Cellular electrodynamics in kHz–THz region||2015-(26)||Michal Cifra|
|F||Diseases Caused by Defects of Energy Level and Loss of Coherence in Living Cells||2015-(10)||A. Jandová, J. Kobilková, J. Pokorný,, M. Nedbalová, A. Čoček, J. Vrba, J. Vrba Jr., A. Dohnalová, J. Kytnarov, J.A. Tuszynski|
|F||Electromagnetic cellular interactions||2010-(24)||Michal Cifra, Jeremy Z. Fields, Ashkan Farhadi|
|F||Electromagnetic effects – From cell biology to medicine||2008-(88)||Richard H.W. Funk, Thomas Monsees, Nurdan Özkucur|
|F||Toward an Electromagnetic Paradigm for Biology and Medicine||2004-(7)||Abraham R. Liboff|
|F||The biofield hypothesis: its biophysical basis and role in medicine||2002-(15)||Beberly Rubik|
(F) Full or (A) Abstract
Publication Year (and Number of Pages)
|SEE ALSO THIS!|
|F||Collective oscillations of proteins proven by terahertz spectroscopy in aqueous medium||2019-(1)||Yoann Meriguet, Mathias Lechelon, Matteo Gori, Ilaria Nardecchia, Frederic Teppe, Anastasiia Kudashova, Dominique Coquillat, Luca Varani, Marco Pettini, Jeremie Torres|
|F||Strong coupling of collective intermolecular vibrations in organic materials at terahertz frequencies||2019-(8)||Ran Damari, Omri Weinberg, Daniel Krotkov, Natalia Demina, Katherine Akulov, Adina Golombek, Tal Schwartzz, Sharly Fleischer|
|A||Rigorous Approach to Simulate Electromagnetic Interactions in Biological Systems||2018-(1)||Kenneth W. Allen, William D. Hunty, Jonathan D. Andreasen, John D. Farnum, Alex Saad-Falcon, Ryan S. Westafer, Douglas R. Denison|
|F||Collective behavior of oscillating electric dipoles||2018-(12)||Simona Olmi, Matteo Gori, Irene Donato, Marco Pettini|
|F||The Use of Planar Electromagnetic Fields in Effective Vaccine Design||2017-(11)||Adrián Cortés, Jonathan Coral, Colin McLachlan, Ricardo Benítez|
|A||Planar molecular arrangements aid the design of MHC class II binding peptides||2017-(1)||Adrián Cortés, Jonathan Coral, Colin McLachlan, Ricardo Benítez, L. Pinilla|
|F||Are Molecular Vibration Patterns of Cell Structural Elements Used for Intracellular Signalling?||2016-(5)||Werner Jaross|
|F||Campos electromagnéticos planares permiten explicar el acople entre péptidos y moléculas de HLA-II||2015-(8)||Adrián Cortés, Jonathan Coral|
|A||Is it possible to detect long- range interactions among biomolecules through noise and diffusion?||2015-(1)||I. Donato , M. Gori , I. Nardecchia , M.Pettini , J. Torres, L. Varani|
|F||Radiofrequency and microwave interactions between biomolecular systems||2015-(8)||Ondřej Kučera, Michal Cifra|
|F||Terahertz underdamped vibrational motion governs protein-ligand binding in solution||2014-(6)||David A. Turton, Hans Martin Senn, Thomas Harwood, Adrian J. Lapthorn, Elizabeth M. Ellis, Klaas Wynne|
|F||Optical measurements of long-range protein vibrations||2014-(7)||Gheorghe Acbas, Katherine A. Niessen, Edward H. Snel, A.G. Markelz|
|F||Experimental detection of long-distance interactions between biomolecules throughtheir diﬀusion behavior: Numerical study||2014-(14)||Ilaria Nardecchia, Lionel Spinelli, Jordane Preto, Matteo Gori, Elena Floriani, Sebastien Jaeger, Pierre Ferrier, Marco Pettini|
|F||On the role of electrodynamic interactions in long-distance biomolecular recognition||2014-(31)||Jordane Preto, Marco Pettini, Jack A. Tuszynski|
|F||Electrodynamic Binning Theory versus Induced Fit Theory||2014-(7)||Udo Riss|
|F||Theory of affinity maturation of antibodies||2013-(6)||Udo Riss|
|F||Error Corrected Sub-Monolayer Ellipsometry for Measurement of Biomolecular Interactions||2013-(10)||Udo Riss|
(F) Full or (A) Abstract
Publication Year (and Number of Pages)
|F||Spin-Boson and Spin-Fermion Topological Model of Consciousness||2017-(5)||Aibassov Yerkin, Yemelyanova Valentina, Nakisbekov Narymzhan, Alzhan Bakhytzhan, Savizky Ruben|
|F||Acetylcholine molecular arrays enable quantum information processing||2017-(5)||Arvydas Tamulis, Kristina Majauskaite, Martynas Talaikis, Krzysztof Zborowski, Visvaldas Kairys|
|F||Light-Controlled Spin Filtering in Bacteriorhodopsin||2015-(5)||Hila Einati, Debabrata Mishra, Noga Friedman, Mordechai Sheves, Ron Naaman|
|A||Anderson Localization Enhanced Spin Selective Transport of Electrons in DNA||2014-(1)||Fang Zhao, Qing-Qiang Meng, Chen Yan|
|F||Properties of specific electron helical states leads to spin filtering effect in dsDNA molecules||2014-(20)||S.L. Kuzmin , W.W. Duley|
|F||Electron spin changes during general anesthesia in Drosophila||2014-(18)||Luca Turin, Andrew P. Horsfield|
|F||Spin-dependent electron transmission through bacteriorhodopsin embedded in purple membrane||2013-(5)||Debabrata Mishra, Tal Z. Markus, Ron Naaman, Matthias Kettner, Benjamin Göhler, Helmut Zacharias, Noga Friedman, Mordechai Sheves, Claudio Fontanesi|