1. Applied Fields - Hazards › 
  2. Extremely Low Frequencies Hazards › 
  3. ELF-EMF Hazards Experiments
zoom-in section zoom-out section

ELF-EMF Hazards Experiments
Fields surrounding electrical lines, transformers and others affect life processes

Pablo Andueza Munduate

→ An introductory text will be included shortly ...

tables updated: 23/01/2019

Applied Fields - Hazards
ELF-EMF Hazards Experiments

ELF-EMF Hazards Experiments (50Hz, 60Hz, etc..)

(F) Full or (A) Abstract

Available Formats


Frequency and Intensity

Exposure time and number of Exposure days


Publication Year (and Number of Pages)

Aavailable in HTML50 Hz magnetic field affects heart rate variability – an experimental study50 Hz - 0.004 mT-Commentary icon2018-(1)Tarmo Koppel, Inese Vilcane, Mikko Ahonen
Aavailable in HTMLLong term power frequency electromagnetic fields exposure influences the causal network connection pattern of local field potentials during working memory (in Chinesse)50 Hz - 2 mT24h/24-48dCommentary icon2018-(1)Shuangyan Li, Xuehan Wen, Haojun Sang, Guizhi Xu
Aavailable in HTMLThe effects of electromagnetic fields on cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells50 Hz - 1 mT8h/1dNo comments yet icon2018-(1)Niyousha Nasrabadi, Zahra‐Soheila Soheili, Abouzar Bagheri, Hamid Ahmadieh, Yashar Amizadeh, Farzin Sahebjam, Faraj Tabeie, Mozhgan Rezaei Kanav
Aavailable in HTMLThe effect of 20-week continuous 60 Hz magnetic field exposure on testicular function in sprague-dawley rats60 Hz -0.2 mT24h/140dCommentary icon2018-(1)Sungman Park, Young-Jin Kim, Min Soo Kim, Hee-Sung Kim, Min-Woo Kim, Yeon-Mi Kang, Sang-Kon Lee, Kyoung-Chan Choi, Nam Kim, Youn-Myoung Gimm, Yoon-Won Kim
Aavailable in HTMLEffects of exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields on spatial and passive avoidance learning and memory, anxiety-like behavior and oxidative stress in male rats0.1-2 mT2h/60dCommentary icon2018-(1)Seyed Asaad Karimi, Iraj Salehi, Teimor Shykhi, Samad Zare, Alireza Komaki
Favailable in PDFHealth Hazards from High Power Electrical Lines Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Exposure in Riyadh Area Saudi Arabia--Commentary icon2018-(5)Mahmoud Hassan El-Bidawy, Abdurrahman I. Altheyab, Mounir Zeerban, Waheed Mahmoud Alharizi
Favailable in PDF and HTMLIn Vivo Cytotoxicity Induced by 60 Hz Electromagnetic Fields under a High-Voltage Substation Environment60 Hz - 0.0088 mT, 2mT24h/3-10dCommentary icon2018-(9)J. Antonio Heredia-Rojas, Abraham Octavio Rodríguez-De la Fuente, Ricardo Gomez-Flores, Omar Heredia-Rodríguez, Laura E. Rodríguez-Flores, Michaela Beltcheva, Ma. Esperanza Castañeda-Garza
Favailable in PDFBiochemical, Molecular and Mutagenic Effects of Electromagnetic Fields on Vicia faba L Seedlings50 Hz - 0.720-4.0 mT24h/10dNo comments yet icon2018-(16)Reda M. Gaafar, Adel El-Shanshoury, Mohamed R. Eldakak, Mohamed Elhiti
Aavailable in HTMLEffect of 50 Hz electromagnetic field generated nearby high voltage alternating current transmission lines on prooxidant antioxidant balance in selected internal organs of rats50 Hz24h/28dCommentary icon2018-(1)Pawel Sowa, Grzegorz Cieslar, Aleksander Sieron, Karolina Sieron
Aavailable in HTMLThe Effect of Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on Visual Learning & Memory and Anatomical Structures of the Brain in Male Rhesus Monkeys5-30 Hz - 0.7 mT4h/30dNo comments yet icon2018-(1)Elahe Tekieh, Masomeh Kazemi, Hasan Tavakoli, Mehdi Saberi, Hosean Ghanaati, Mostafa Hajinasrollah, Maryam Salehi, Hamed Aliyary, Hedayat Sahraei
Favailable in PDF and HTMLEffect of electromagnetic fields and antioxidants on the trace element content of rat teeth0.00248 mT8h/26-52dNo comments yet icon2017-(6)Mehmet Sinan Dogan, Mehmet Cihan Yavas, Yasemin Yavuz, Sait Erdogan, İsmail Yener, İbrahim Simsek, Zeki Akkus, Veysel Eratilla, Abdulsamet Tanik, Mehmet Zulkuf Akdag
Aavailable in HTMLCase-control study on occupational exposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields and glioma risk--No comments yet icon2017-(1)Michael Carlberg, Tarmo Koppel, Mikko Ahonen, Lennart Hardell
Aavailable in HTMLTheta-gamma coupling in hippocampus during working memory deficits induced by low frequency electromagnetic field exposure50 Hz - 1 mT-/7dCommentary icon2017-(1)Yameng Zhang, Yan Zhang, Hejuan Yu, Yamin Yang, Weitao Li, Zhiyu Qian
Aavailable in HTMLOccupational exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields and risk for central nervous system disease: an update of a Danish cohort study among utility workers--Commentary icon2017-(1)Camilla Pedersen, Aslak Harbo Poulsen, Naja Hulvej Rod, Patrizia Frei, Johnni Hansen, Kathrine Grell, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Joachim Schüz, Christoffer Johansen
Favailable in PDFProteomic Analysis of the Effect of Extremely Low- Frequency Electromagnetic Fields (ELF-EMF) With Different Intensities in SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cell Line50 Hz - 0.5-1 mT60min/1dCommentary icon2017-(5)Mostafa Rezaie-Tavirani, Hadi Hasanzadeh, Samaneh Seyyedi, Hakimeh Zali
Favailable in PDFExposure of Extremely-Low Frequency (ELF) Magnetic Field May Cause Human Cancer50 Hz - 0.5-1 mT20-40min /7dCommentary icon2017-(8)Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Shahnaz Razavi, Fereshteh Koosha, Marzieh Salimi
Favailable in PDFAntioxidant Effects of Allium cepa and Cinnamon on Sex Hormones and Serum Antioxidant Capacity in Female Rats Exposed to Power Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields ("chemical remedy")50 Hz - 3mT4h/42dCommentary icon2016-(5)Elham Mansouri , Ahmad Keshtkar , Amir Afshin Khaki , Arash Khaki
Favailable in PDFEffects of 3 Hz and 60 Hz Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on Anxiety-Like Behaviors, Memory Retention of Passive Avoidance and Electrophysiological Properties of Male Rats3, 60Hz, 4mT2h/8dCommentary icon2016-(6)Amin Rostami, Minoo Shahani , Mohammad Reza Zarrindast, Saeed Semnanian, Mohammad Rahmati Roudsari, Mostafa Rezaei Tavirani, Hadi Hasanzadeh
Favailable in PDFThe effect of Non-ionizing electromagnetic field with a frequency of 50 Hz in Rat ovary: A transmission electron microscopy study50-60 Hz-/56d - 91dNo comments yet icon2016-(8)Amir Afshin Khaki, Arash Khaki, Seyed Shahin Ahmad
Aavailable in HTMLExtremely Low Frequency Magnetic Field (ELF-MF) Exposure Sensitizes SH-SY5Y Cells to the Pro-Parkinson’s Disease Toxin MPP+50 Hz - 1 mT-Commentary icon2016-(1)Barbara Benassi, Giuseppe Filomeni, Costanza Montagna, Caterina Merla, Vanni Lopresto, Rosanna Pinto, Carmela Marino, Claudia Consales
Aavailable in HTMLThe possible consequences for cognitive functions of external electric fields at power line frequency on hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons (simulation)--No comments yet icon2016-(1)Rosanna Migliore, Giada De Simone, Xavier Leinekugel, Michele Migliore
Favailable in PDFGeographical Distribution of Childhood Acute Leukaemia in the Metropolitan Area of Guadalajara, Mexico and Its Correlation with the Wireless and High Voltage Network- Commentary icon2015-(5)Leonardo Soto Sumuano, Carlos Ruiz Chavez, Alberto Tlacuilo-Parra, Roberto Garibaldi Covarrubias, Hugo Romo Rubio, Mijail Suarez Arredondo, Jesus Arriaga Dávila
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubEffect of 50Hz Extremely Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on the DNA Methylation and DNA Methyltransferases in Mouse Spermatocyte-Derived Cell Line GC-250 Hz - 1-3 mT(5min on -
10 min off)
Commentary icon2015-(11)Yong Liu, Wen-bin Liu, Kai-jun Liu, Lin Ao, Julia Li Zhong, Jia Cao, Jin-yi Liu
Favailable in PDFThe Impact of Electromagnetic Radiation of Different Parameters on Platelet Oxygen Metabolism – In Vitro Studies50 Hz, 1 KHz30min/1dCommentary icon2015-(5)Małgorzata Lewicka, Gabriela A. Henrykowska, Krzysztof Pacholski, Artur Szczęsny, Maria Dziedziczak-Buczyńska, Andrzej Buczyński
Favailable in PDFEffect of computer radiation on weight and oxidant-antioxidant status of mice-8h, 16h/49dCommentary icon2015-(4)Xuexian Pei, Qijun Gu, Dongdong Ye, Yang Wang, Xu Zou, Lianping He, Yuelong Jin and Yingshui Yao
Favailable in PDFCommon behaviors alterations after extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field exposure in rat animal model40 Hz - 0.1 mT-/28dNo comments yet icon2015-(7)Seyed Mohammad Mahdavi, Hedayat Sahraei, Mostafa Rezaei-Tavirani, Akram Najafi Abedi
Favailable in PDFVariations of Glutamate Concentration Within Synaptic Cleft in the Presence of Electromagnetic Fields: An Artificial Neural Networks Study50-250 Hz - 0.1-2 mT15-55min /1dCommentary icon2015-(14)Neda Masoudian, Gholam Hossein Riazi, Ali Afrasiabi, Seyed Mohamad Sadegh Modaresi, Ali Dadras, Shahrbanoo Rafiei, Meysam Yazdankhah, Atiye Lyaghi, Mostafa Jarah, Shahin Ahmadian, Hossein Seidkhani
Aavailable in HTMLEffects of two different waveforms of ELF MF on bioelectrical activity of antennal lobe neurons of Morimus funereus (Insecta, Coleoptera)50 Hz - 2mT5-15min /1dCommentary icon2015-(1)Dajana Todorović, Zlatko Prolić, Branka Petković, Aleksandar Kalauzi
Favailable in PDF and HTMLEffects of Long-Term 50Hz Power-Line Frequency Electromagnetic Field on Cell Behavior in Balb/c 3T3 Cells50 Hz - 2.3 mT2h/5d x 11Commentary icon2015-(13)Guang-Zhou An, Hui Xu, Yan Zhou, Le Du, Xia Miao, Da-Peng Jiang, Kang-Chu Li, Guo-Zhen Guo, Chen Zhang, Gui-Rong Ding
Aavailable in HTMLEffects of extremely low frequency alternating-current magnetic fields on the growth performance and digestive enzyme activity of tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (fish)50 Hz - 0.03-0.2 mT-/30dCommentary icon2015-(1)Ying Li, Bixiao Ru, Xingfa Liu, Wei Miao, Kai Zhang, Lili Han, Haijun Ni, Hongjuan Wu
Aavailable in HTMLExtremely Low-Frequency Magnetic Fields Induce Developmental Toxicity and Apoptosis in Zebrafish (Danio rerio) Embryos50 Hz - 0.03-0.8 mT96hCommentary icon2014-(1)Ying Li, Xingfa Liu, Keran Liu, Wei Miao, Cheng Zhou, Yang Li, Hongjuan Wu
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubCorrelation between Exposure to Magnetic Fields and Embryonic Development in the First Trimester--No comments yet icon2014-(6)Xiu-Juan Su, Wei Yuan, Hui Tan, Xiang-Yun Liu, Dan Li, De-Kun Li, Guo-Ying Huang, Li-Wen Zhang, Mao-Hua Miao
Favailable in PDFOxidative and antioxidative responses in submandibular and parotid glands of rats exposed to long-term extremely low frequency magnetic field50 Hz - 0.1-0.5 mT2h/304dCommentary icon2014-(7)Mehmet Akdağ , Mehmet Zülküf Akdağ , Süleyman Daşdağ , Özcan Erel
Favailable in PDFEffects of exposure to 50 Hz electromagnetic fields on Morris water-maze performance of prenatal and neonatal mice50 Hz - 1 mT24h/7dCommentary icon2014-(5)Lama Sakhnini, Sara Al-Ghareeb, Sahar Khalil, Reem Ahmed, Alaa Abdul Ameer, Amer Kamal
Favailable in PDFAutism-relevant social abnormalities in mice exposed perinatally to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields50 Hz - 1 mT-Commentary icon2014-(7)Ibrahim Alsaeed, Faisal Al-Somali, Lama Sakhnini, Omar S. Aljarallah, Rayan M.M. Hamdan, Saleh A. Bubishate, Ziyab Khan Sarfaraz, Amer Kamal
Favailable in PDFExtremely low frequency magnetic field (50 Hz, 0.5 mT) modifies fitness components and locomotor activity of Drosophila subobscura50 Hz - 0.5 mT24h/2dCommentary icon2014-(7)Danica Dimitrijević, Tatjana Savić, Marko Anđelković, Zlatko Prolić, Branka Janać
Favailable in PDFEffects of Extremely Low Frequency Electromagnetic Field (ELF-EMF) on Catalase, Cytochrome P450 and Nitric Oxide Synthase in Erythro-leukaemic Cells50 Hz - 1 mT1-24h /1dCommentary icon2014-(8)Antonia Patruno, Shams Tabrez, Mirko Pesce, Shazi Shakil, Mohammad A. Kamal, Marcella Reale
Favailable in PDFMelatonin protects rat cerebellar granule cells against electromagnetic field-induced increases in Na+ currents through intracellular Ca2+ release50 Hz - 1 mT1h/1dCommentary icon2014-(11)Dong-Dong Liu, Zhen Ren, Guang Yang, Qian-Ru Zhao, Yan-Ai Mei
Aavailable in HTMLExposure to extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields alters the calcium dynamics of cultured entorhinal cortex neurons50 Hz - 1-3 mT24h/1dNo comments yet icon2014-(1)Fen-Lan Luo, Nian Yang, Chao He, Hong-Li Li, Chao Li, Fang Chen, Jia-Xiang Xiong, Zhi-An Hu
Favailable in PDFEffects of the static and ELF magnetic fields on the neuronal population activity in Morimus funereus (Coleoptera, Cerambycidae) antennal lobe revealed by wavelet analysis50 Hz - 2 mT5min,
Commentary icon2014-(10)Sladjana Spasić , Srdjan Kesić, Gordana Stojadinović, Branka Petković, Dajana Todorović
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubEffect of ELF-EMF Exposure on Human Neuroblastoma Cell Line: a Proteomics Analysis50 Hz - 2 mT3h/1dCommentary icon2014-(6)Hadi Hasanzadeh, Mostafa Rezaie-Tavirani, Samaneh Sadat Seyyedi, Hakimeh Zali, Saeid Heydari Keshel, Majid Jadidi, Ali Abedelahi
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubEffects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on paraoxonase serum activity and lipid peroxidation metabolites in rat60 Hz-/1d, 24h/14dCommentary icon2014-(9)Soroush Seifirad, Shahrokh Farzampour, Mitra Nourbakhsh, Mahsa Mohammad Amoli, Maryam Razzaghy-Azar, Bagher Larijani1
Aavailable in HTMLShort- and long-term exposure to alternating magnetic field (50 Hz, 0.5 mT) affects rat pituitary ACTH cells: Stereological study50 Hz - 0.5 mT-/1d, 3d, 90dCommentary icon2014-(1)Snežana Rauš Balind, Milica Manojlović-Stojanoski, Verica Milošević, Dajana Todorović, Ljiljana Nikolić, Branka Petković
Favailable in PDF and HTMLExposure to extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields inhibits T-type calcium channels via AA/LTE4 signaling pathway50 Hz - 0.2 mT-Commentary icon2014-(11)Yujie Cui, Xiaoyu Liu, Tingting Yang, Yan-Ai Mei, Changlong Hu
Favailable in PDFUnfolding-induced in Haemoglobin by Exposure to Electromagnetic Fields: A FTIR Spectroscopy Study50 Hz - 1 mT4h/1dCommentary icon2014-(5)Emanuele Calabrò, Salvatore Magazù
Favailable in PDFElectromagnetic fields with 217 Hz and 0.2 mT as hazardous factors for tubulin structure and assembly (in vitro study)50-217 Hz - 0.2 mT5min. 15min,
Commentary icon2013-(10)Ali Afrasiabi, Gholam Hossein Riazi, Ali Dadras, Elaheh Tavili, Behafarid Ghalandari, Ali Naghshineh, Hamid Mobasheri, Shahin Ahmadian
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubExposure to Extremely Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields Modulates Na + Currents in Rat Cerebellar Granule Cells through Increase of AA/PGE2 and EP Receptor-Mediated cAMP/PKA Pathway50 Hz - 0.4-1 mT10-60min /1dCommentary icon2013-(13)Yan-Lin He, Dong-Dong Liu, Yan-Jia Fang, Xiao-Qin Zhan, Jin-Jing Yao, Yan-Ai Mei
Aavailable in HTMLElectromagnetic field-induced converse cell growth during a long- term observation60 Hz - 1 mT-/3d, 1934dCommentary icon2013-(1)Ji-Eun Bae, Ji-Yeon Do, Soon-Hwan Kwon, Sang-Dae Lee, Yong Woo Jung, Soo-Chan Kim, Kwon-Seok Chae
Aavailable in HTMLAge-Dependent Effects of ELF-MF on Oxidative Stress in the Brain of Mongolian Gerbils50 Hz - 0.1-0.5 mT-/7dCommentary icon2013-(1)Vesna Selaković, Snežana Rauš Balind, Lidija Radenović, Zlatko Prolić, Branka Janać
Favailable in PDFEffects of extremely low-frecuency electromagnetic field exposure during prenatal period on biomarkers of oxidative stress and pathology of ovarian tissue in F1 generation50 Hz - 3 mT4h/21dCommentary icon2013-(7)Hamideh Gharamaleki, Kazem Parivar, Jafar Soleimani Rad, Leila Roshangar, Mehrdad Shariati
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubEffect of low-frequency electromagnetic field exposure on oocyte differentiation and follicular development50 Hz - 3 mT4h/21dCommentary icon2013-(16)L. Roshangar, B. A. Hamdi, A. A. Khaki, Soleimani Rad, S. Soleimani-Rad
Aavailable in HTMLEffects of 50 Hz extremely low frequency sinusoidal magnetic fields on the apoptosis of the hearts of preincubated chicken embryos at different levels of developments50 Hz - 1.33-7.32 mT24h/1dCommentary icon2013-(1)Maryam Shams Lahijani, Dariush Minai Tehrani, Narges Fereydouni
Favailable in PDFThe effects of exposure to electromagnetic field on rat myocardium50 Hz - 3 mT4h/60dCommentary icon2013-(8)Amac Kiray, Hamid Tayefi, Muge Kiray, Husnu Alper Bagriyanik, Cetin Pekcetin, Bekir Ugur Ergur, Candan Ozogul
Favailable in PDFGenotoxicidad de los campos magnéticos de frecuencia extremadamente baja determinada mediante el ensayo de micronúcleos50 Hz - 0.2 mT24h/7-28dCommentary icon2012-(225)Encarnación Olmos Ortíz
Aavailable in HTMLA Study of the Interaction between ELF-EMF and Bacteria50 Hz - 3 mT-Commentary icon2012-(1)Shaobin Gu, Guowei Lu, Ying Wu, Shichang Li, Yunxia Zhao, Kewei Li
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubEvaluations of the Effects of Extremely Low-Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on Growth and Antibiotic Susceptibility of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa50 Hz - 2 mT-/1dCommentary icon2012-(8)B. Segatore, D. Setacci, F. Bennato, R. Cardigno, G. Amicosante, R. Iorio
Favailable in PDFLong-term exposure to low frequency electro-magnetic fields of 50- and 217-Hz leads to learning and memory deficits in mice50-217 Hz - 0.5-2 mT16h/14dCommentary icon2012-(8)Elaheh Nooshinfar, Mostafa Rezaei-Tavirani, Soheila Khodakarim
Favailable in PDFIs there a relation between extremely low frequency magnetic field exposure, inflammation and neurodegenerative diseases--No comments yet icon2012-(39)Mats-Olof Mattsson, Myrtill Simko
Favailable in PDFThe influence of extremely low-frequency electromagnetic field on the basal ganglia structures of the rat brain50 Hz - 0.05-0.5 mT7h/5d x 13Commentary icon2011-(12)Igor O. Gojković, Smiljana D. Para, Radoslav B. Gajanin, Milica D. Matavulj, Vesna K. Rajković, Goran D. Spasojević
Aavailable in HTMLEffects of sinusoidal electromagnetic fields on histopathology and structures of brains of preincubated white leghorn chicken embryos- 1.33-7.32 mT24h/1dCommentary icon2011-(1)Maryam Shams Lahijani, Mohammad Reza Bigdeli, Sima Kalantary
Favailable in PDFWeak Environmental Magnetic Fields Inhibit Spontaneous Bioelectrical Activity in Snail Neurons50 Hz - 0.002-0.2 mT-Commentary icon2010-(7)Mehri Kaviani Moghadam, Mohammad Firoozabadi, Mahyar Janahmadi
Favailable in PDF, HTML and EpubThe effects of prenatal and neonatal exposure to electromagnetic fields on infant rat myocardium50 Hz - 3 mT4h/20dCommentary icon2010-(6)Hamid Tayefi, Amac Kiray, Muge Kiray, Bekir Ugur Ergur, Husnu Alper Bagriyanik, Cetin Pekcetin, Mustafa Fidan, Candan Ozogul
Favailable in PDFEffects of extremely low-frequency magnetic field on caspase activities and oxidative stress values in rat brain0.1-0.5 mT2h/304dCommentary icon2010-(12)Mehmet Zulkuf Akdag, Suleyman Dasdag, Engin Ulukaya, Ali Kemal Uzunlar, Mustafa Ayberk Kurt, Abdullah Taşkın

available in PDF and HTML
available in PDF
-Further support for the alignment of cattle along magnetic field lines: reply to Hert et al.
-Extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields disrupt magnetic alignment of ruminants
--No comments yet icon2011-(7)
Hynek Burda, Sabine Begall, Jaroslav Cervený, Julia Neef, Pavel Nemec
Favailable in PDFELF Non Ionizing Radiation Changes the Distribution of the Inner Chemical Functional Groups in Human Epithelial Cell (HaCaT) Culture1mT24h/1dNo comments yet icon2009-(9)Antonella Lisi, Sabrina Rieti, Antonio Cricenti, Arianna Flori, Renato Generosi, Marco Luce, Paolo Perfetti, Alberto Foletti, Mario Ledda, Emanuela Rosola, Livio Giuliani, Settimio Grimaldi
Favailable in PDFSNOM and AFM microscopy techniques to study the effect of non-ionizing radiation on the morphological and biochemical properties of human keratinocytes cell line (HaCaT)1 mT24h/1dNo comments yet icon2003-(9)S. Rieti, V. Manni, A. Lisi, L. Giuliani, D. Sacco, E. D’Emilia, A. Cricenti, R. Generosi, M. Luce, S. Grimaldi



Go to top of the page