Electromagnetism & DNA
Oscillations of nucleosomes, chromosomes, and environmental electromagnetic interaction.
It's evident that DNA as a fundamental part on living cells must interact with electromagnetic fields if those are an expression of life or mind, there are various clues that points towards this intuition as the chromosomal electrical properties or the oscillation of chromatin as a driving force for chromosome packing during mitosis. ...
There are various points to explore, firstly it must be mentioned that still we have a limited ability to predict the transcription of genes based on their regulatory sequences and this is because we are missing a key piece on the regulatory mechanism: electromagnetic fields. Maybe is a good starting point read what Canev et al.  wrote about electrical properties of DNA:
" Our studies reveal previously unidentified electrical properties of chromosomes: (1) chromosomes are amazingly similar in construction and function to electrical transformers; (2) chromosomes possess in their construction and function, components similar to those of electric generators, conductors, condensers, switches, and other components of electrical circuits; (3) chromosomes demonstrate in nano-scale level electromagnetic interactions, resonance, fusion and other phenomena similar to those described by equations in classical physics. These electrical properties and phenomena provide a possible explanation for unclear and poorly understood mechanisms in clinical genetics including: (a) electrically based mechanisms responsible for breaks, translocations, fusions, and other chromosomal abnormalities associated with cancer, intellectual disability, infertility, pregnancy loss, Down syndrome, and other genetic disorders; (b) electrically based mechanisms involved in crossing over, non-disjunction and other events during meiosis and mitosis; (c) mechanisms demonstrating heterochromatin to be electrically active and genetically important."
In another general review about possible electromagnetic sources and targets from/to DNA  the authors point out that oscillations may occurs by alternation of charges between two nucleosomes and listed various possible source of energy for the electronic oscillations in DNA; chromatin-associated ATPases, transcription complexes, the centrosome as dynamo, etc.
" it has been hypothesized that sequence dependent resonances in DNA may be a part of natural gene regulation. If so, the genomic code could be functionally tied up with EMF fields and this could be utilized by nature for the purposes of gene regulation."
Members of the group that developed the previous paper have continued their investigations on the topic an in a more recent work  they come to the conclusion that DNA is magnetic being DNA strands magnetized in antiparallel orientation, and:
" We hypothesize that magnetism of DNA is based on ring currents of pi electrons in its bases. We hypothesize that ring currents are fueled by heat, enzymes or active forms of water. Accordingly, we proposed a helical model of magnetic lines in DNA. We also suggested a new way how the magnetic field in DNA may oscillate and that these oscillations will be sequence dependent. We suggest that collective oscillations of interspersed and periodic repetitive DNA sequences could contribute to electromagnetic communications between the cells and creation of Gurwitch morphogenic field. We suggest that primary cilium may be an antenna for sending and receiving electromagnetic oscillations by the genome."
There is an interesting article by Jon Lieff  that revises the latest discoveries about DNA electrical properties that for example allows the rapid detection of errors (because when nucleotide have error no electric current occur, disrupting it) or allows the protein to produce electrons that travel along the DNA wire, also explains that the complex enzymes that repair DNA use complex of iron and sulfur atoms that are involved in electron transfer processes, as many other major genetic enzyme complexes. He related all these and other discoveries with an electromagnetic mind theory and how this mind interacts constantly with molecules, including DNA.
In  based on previous experimental findings and the more recent investigations the authors describe the polymerase chain reaction amplification of DNA in terms of the gauge theory paradigm of quantum fields (using Quantum Fields Theory) showing that DNA can imprint an electromagnetic fingerprint on surrounding water that can be used for the reaction:
" The result of our analysis is that in PCR amplification processes, and more generally in DNA-enzyme interactions, the spatial and temporal distributions of charges [1,2,17], interaction couplings, frequencies, amplitudes, and phase modulations [1,2] form a pattern of fields, that is to say, an electromagnetic (em) image of the DNA, in such a way that what the enzyme "sees" at long range, at the level of molecular biology, is such an em image of DNA in the surrounding water. The DNA and the enzyme "see" each other’s em images by exchanging quanta of the radiative dipole waves induced by their presence in the water molecular matrix, which thus acts effectively as a bridge between the two (of course, until they are sufficiently close for water exclusion and direct binding to occur)."
An alternative model also has been done  to try to explain the experimental findings described in the previous paper, in this case using concepts of M-theory.
Also are mentionable the studies by Zhao and Zhan [8,9] where is suggested that the electric fields generated by synchronized oscillation of microtubules, centrosomes and chromatin fibers facilitate several events during mitosis and meiosis, including centrosome trafficking, chromosome congression in mitosis and synapses between homologous chromosomes in meiosis.
On the other side, Singh, Bandyopadhyay and others (the authors of the main theory presented in this web  where a fractal chain of electromagnetic resonance along all scales of living beings is showed) propose that DNA can function as an antenna for electromagnetic waves on the gigahertz frequency band :
" We report that 3D-A-DNA structure behaves as a fractal antenna, which can interact with the electromagnetic fields over a wide range of frequencies. Using the lattice details of human DNA, we have modeled radiation of DNA as a helical antenna. The DNA structure resonates with the electromagnetic waves at 34 GHz, with a positive gain of 1.7 dBi. We have also analyzed the role of three different lattice symmetries of DNA and the possibility of soliton-based energy transmission along the structure."
Finally I will finish by mentioning that there is a theory that relate DNA with biophoton generation and modulation, as is mentioned in  there is a possibility that the emissions in the deep blue and ultraviolet (150-450nm) range are related to DNA / RNA processes while emissions in the red and near infrared (600-1000nm) range are related to mitochondria and oxidative metabolisms. (here  a section in this site where possible sources of biophotons are discussed).
As can be seen, papers speak from different viewpoint and different concrete phenomena, but all of them include this basic but until now neglected biophysical factor that DNA can use to regulate, select, and interact with the environment; the electromagnetic fields. And surely a brilliant and educated mind could integrate various of them in a more general and paradigm-shift causative mode.
1. Kanev, Ivan, et al. "Searching for electrical properties, phenomena and mechanisms in the construction and function of chromosomes." Computational and structural biotechnology journal 6.7 (2013): 1-13.
7. Zhao, Yue, and Qimin Zhan. "Electric fields generated by synchronized oscillations of microtubules, centrosomes and chromosomes regulate the dynamics of mitosis and meiosis." Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling 9.1 (2012)
8. Zhao, Yue, and Qimin Zhan. "Electric oscillation and coupling of chromatin regulate chromosome packaging and transcription in eukaryotic cells." Theoretical Biology and Medical Modelling 9.1 (2012): 1.
10. Singh, P., et al. "DNA as an Electromagnetic Fractal Cavity Resonator: Its Universal Sensing and Fractal Antenna Behavior." Soft Computing: Theories and Applications. Springer, Singapore, 2018. 213-223.
Very related sections:
↑ text updated: 11/09/2018
↓ tables updated: 05/10/2018