Although complex, because they use molecules equivalent to those actually working in cells (using dNTP instead of ATP and introducing gold nano particles to measure variations that they induce) this paper will reach to a powerful conclusion as can be seen:
" Biologically, there exist two kinds of syntheses: photosynthesis and ATP-driven biosynthesis. The light harvesting of photosynthesis is known to achieve an efficiency of ∼ 95% by the quantum energy transfer of photons. However, how the ATP-driven biosynthesis reaches its high efficiency still remains unknown. Deoxynucleotide triphosphates (dNTPs) in polymerase chain reaction (PCR) adopt the identical way of ATP to release their energy, and thus can be employed to explore the ATP energy process.
Last modified on 27-Jul-20