17-B-Estradiol Counteracts the Effects of High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields on Trophoblastic Connexins and Integrins

" We investigated the effect of high-frequency electromagnetic fields (HF-EMFs) and 17-β-estradiol on connexins (Cxs), integrins (Ints), and estrogen receptor (ER) expression, as well as on ultrastructure of trophoblast-derived HTR-8/SVneo cells. HF-EMF, 17-β-estradiol, and their combination induced an increase of Cx40 and Cx43 mRNA expression. HF-EMF decreased Int alpha1 and β1 mRNA levels but enhanced Int alpha5 mRNA expression. All the Ints mRNA expressions were increased by 17-β-estradiol and exposure to both stimuli. ER-β mRNA was reduced by HF-EMF but augmented by 17-β-estradiol alone or with HF-EMF. ER-β immunofluorescence showed a cytoplasmic localization in sham and HF-EMF exposed cells which became nuclear after treatment with hormone or both stimuli. Electron microscopy evidenced a loss of cellular contact in exposed cells which appeared counteracted by 17-β-estradiol. We demonstrate that 17-β-estradiol modulates Cxs and Ints as well as ER-β expression induced by HF-EMF, suggesting an influence of both stimuli on trophoblast differentiation and migration." {Credits 1}

{Credits 1} 🎪 Cervellati, F., Valacchi, G., Lunghi, L., Fabbri, E., Valbonesi, P., Marci, R., … Vesce, F. (2013). 17-β-Estradiol counteracts the effects of high frequency electromagnetic fields on trophoblastic connexins and integrins. Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity, 2013, 280850. doi:10.1155/2013/280850. © 2013 Franco Cervellati et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License.

Last modified on 10-Apr-16

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