Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulation of Bone Healing and Joint Preservation Cellular Mechanisms of Skeletal Response

" This review highlights key processes in cell responses to PEMF as follows: (1) signal transduction through A2A and A3 adenosine cell membrane receptors and (2) dose-response effects on the synthesis of structural and signaling extracellular matrix (ECM) components. Through these actions, PEMF can increase the structural integrity of bone and cartilage ECM, enhancing repair, and alter the homeostatic balance of signaling cytokines, producing anti-inflammatory effects." {Credits 1}

" Despite its clinical use, the mechanisms of action of electromagnetic stimulation of the skeleton have been elusive, and PEMF has been viewed as a “black box.” In the past 25 years, research has been successful in identifying cell membrane receptors and osteoinductive pathways as sites of action of PEMF and provides a mechanistic rationale for clinical use. Understanding of PEMF membrane targets, and of the specific intracellular and extracellular pathways involved, culminating in the synthesis of ECM proteins and reduction in inflammatory cytokines, should enhance confidence in the clinical use of PEMF and the identification of clinical conditions likely to be affected by PEMF exposure." {Credits 1}

{Credits 1} 🎪 Cadossi, R., Massari, L., Racine-Avila, J., & Aaron, R. K. (2020). Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Stimulation of Bone Healing and Joint Preservation: Cellular Mechanisms of Skeletal Response. JAAOS Global Research & Reviews, 4(5), e19. © 2020 The Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.

Last modified on 25-May-20

/ EMMIND - Electromagnetic Mind