Therapeutic application of musically modulated electromagnetic fields in the treatment of muskuloskeletal disorders

The electromagnetic field subject of review was generated by using an apparatus that consisted of an audio tape player that send signals through a mono channel-microphone to 2 low frequency amplifiers, and was modulated at a fixed frequency of 100 Hz.

The present review demonstrated the efficacy of ELF and the TAMMEF systems in several musculoskeletal disorders such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, carpal tunnel syndrome, shoulder periarthritis and cervical spondylosis.

Last modified on 12-Aug-16

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