" Electromagnetic fields (EMFs) can improve pain, stiffness and physical function in osteoarthritis (OA) patients and have been proposed for the treatment of OA. But the precise mechanisms involved in this process are still not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the effects of exposure for different durations with 75 Hz, 2.3mT sinusoidal EMFs (SEMFs) on the metabolism of lubricin of rat chondrocytes cultured in vitro. Our results showed that SEMFs exposure promoted lubricin synthesis in a time-dependent manner, and the expression of TGF-β1 was also enhanced after SEMFs treatment. The up-regulation effect of the expression of lubricin under SEMF was partly reduced by SB431542, an inhibitor of TGF-RI kinase. The Smad pathway was also investigated in our study. Smad2 synthesis was higher in EMF-exposed condition than in controls, whereas no effects were observed on inhibitory Smads (Smad6 and Smad7) production. Altogether, these data suggest that SEMF exposure can promote lubricin synthesis of rat chondrocytes in a time-dependent manner and that the TGF-β/Smads signaling pathway plays a partial role."
Last modified on 18-Mar-16