The author firstly do a critique both of the dualism (that was supported by Aristoteles and later by Abrahamic religions) and of the materialism (that is supported be lot of people that are influenced be the somewhat aggressive speech of prominent scientifics in the media, and people that dont think in that because they think it does not influence their everyday life [although I think that influence very much because the philosophy of what we are is conditioning all our actions blinding, for example, the mind to other realities, for example the interconnected that we are; see the section Nonlocality & Field in this web].
Critiquices also the Darwinian model of evolution where all the advances are developed through the accumulation of small, accidental, but advantageous changes and how popular science literature, radio, and television regard this reductive program as the undisputed and legitimate scientific explanation. And then he start talking about mind and what are explanations that reductionism do to explain how it surges (sayin that is epiphenomena, or that is an illusion), the emergent view is like compare mind with the emergence of liquidity from water properties; but this is somewhat absurd comparison because there are not based in the same logical derivations.
But there are other viewpoints of the nature of the mind, for example Freeman Dyson, an eminent particle physicist, wrote “I think that consciousness is not just a passive epiphenomenon carried along by the chemical events on our brains, but is an active agent forcing the molecular complexes to make choices between one quantum state and another. In other words, mind is already inherent in every electron, and the process of human consciousness differ only in degree but not in kind from the process of choice between quantum states which we call ‘chance’ when they are made by an electron.”
This brings us closer to Panpsychism [the philosophy that is supported in this web because it is the one that fits with the electromagnetic mind theories] that confers a mental quality to all the elements of the physical world [in this web is proposed that electromagnetism and photons are the active part of the mind, while matter act as a memory]. Although this philosophy was defended by numerous great minds (Heraclitus, Empedocles, Bruno, Cardano, Leibniz, Spinoza, Schopenhauer, Priestly, William James, Mach, Bergson, Whitehead, Eddington, Broad, Bohm, Waddington, Dyson, and recently, Strawson, Nagel, Skrbina, Hameroff, Chalmers, Seager, Rosenberg, Schooler, etc.) the mainstream is reluctant to take in consideration, although for various scientific and philosophers is the most logical and parsimonious explanation available to resolve the mind/matter conundrum. Panpsychism does not require an explanation of how so ontologically different a quality as consciousness emerged from matter where none existed before. And also obliquely recognizes that purpose is inherent in all nature.
Last modified on 20-Mar-16