Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields Reduce Postoperative Interleukin-1β, Pain, and Inflammation: A Double- Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study in TRAM Flap Breast Reconstruction Patients


" .. Pulsed electromagnetic field therapy significantly reduced post-operative pain, inflammation, and narcotic use following TRAM flap breast reconstruction, paralleling its effect in breast reduction patients. Both studies also report a significant reduction of interleukin-1β in the wound exudate, supporting a mechanism involving a pulsed electromagnetic field effect on nitric oxide/cyclic guanosine monophosphate signaling, which modulates the body’s antiinflammatory pathways."


Last modified on 15-Mar-16

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